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close this bookStructures Suitable for Emergency Storage in Tropical Countries (NRI)
close this folderPart II: Users' guide to relief foot! stores
View the documentIntroduction to users' guide
View the documentStorage operations
View the documentStorage costs
View the documentWhat size of structure to order
View the documentChoosing emergency stores
View the documentSuppliers' data
View the documentWooden pallet manufactures
View the documentResponsibilities for purchasers and users of temporary stores

Introduction to users' guide

This guide is intended to assist those responsible for procuring emergency food stores in selecting an appropriate system. It outlines the factors to be considered, most of which have been more fully discussed in Part 1, and provides a decision tree to help in making a choice. Manufacturers of structures are listed and their products described, under four categories.

A Warehouses B Frameless buildings C Framed structures with flexible cladding D Frameless flexible systems.

This guide assumes that the structures, or critical components of them, are imported; however, there will be times when structures can be locally manufactured, thereby probably reducing the procurement time.

Storage operations

Information on examples of five of the most important types of store is summarized in Table 6. From this it is clear that where speedy procurement and erection of a store is essential, tarpaulins (for bag stacks), tents and plastic-clad stores can be obtained rapidly by air and erected quickly. Because these stores are relatively light-weight and because they have simple foundations or ground anchors, they are also easy to relocate. Their drawbacks are that they are difficult to manage and vulnerable to theft because the canvas or plastic sheet can be easily cut open; hence they require security fences and watchmen. They are also vulnerable to water (both ground moisture and flooding) in wet weather, and dunnage or pallets should be regarded as essential. They are easily damaged by wind and precautions against this are needed.

At railheads, ports or where an emergency is prolonged, more permanent storage with concrete damp-proofed floors is appropriate. These stores (whether warehouses or frameless buildings) are easier to manage and more secure. However, they are slow to procure and erect and not easy to relocate. Construction often requires expatriate supervision.

Storage costs

Costs of emergency storage are considered in two ways. 'Capital' costs for imported stores include packing, freight, insurance, customs' clearance and erection costs as well as the ex-works price of the structure. These 'once and for all' costs can be spread over the life of the structure and with the appropriate addition for interest are then called 'annual' costs. If warehouses are utilized for their whole working life, their annual costs (see Table 6) are much lower than tarpaulin annual costs, for example. But for a short emergency of, say, one year's duration this is not so. The 'break-even' point will depend on factors unique to each individual emergency. Where a warehouse has a turnover of relief food once every two months and the emergency lasts for 4-6 years, then depending on management, the price of relief food, the losses saved, etc., the annual costs for warehouse storage can be lower than tarpaulin storage. (For more details of costs see Appendices 9 and 10).


Table 6: Procurement period, capital and annual costs per tonne for different structures

What size of structure to order

The following questionnaire and worked example in Table7 is based on one transit store but could be applied to a whole emergency distribution system of port store, regional stores and district stores.


Table 7: Store size calculations

When the actual required floor area, B, has been calculated, the warehouse dimensions can be determined. For economy these should be chosen from the supplier's standard range. Thus, if a 15 m span is standard, length required is 562.5 /15 = 37.5 m. The nearest multiple of the standard bay length may then be selected, e.g. 39 m for 3 m bays.

For tarpaulin quantities it is economical to order standard sizes of sheet, e.g. 7.5 x 10 m. Using one as the ground sheet, allowing 1 m margin all round, this will support a stack of 5.5 m x 8 m x 2 m high as before.

Then stack volume

= 88 m³

Stack weight (calculated as rice)

=88 /1.5 tonnes


=59 tonnes.

Two further tarpaulins 7.5 x 10 m each will easily cover the stack allowing for 1m overlaps. Hence a total of three will be required for a 2 m high stack of 59 tonnes.

Choosing emergency stores

In Section Storage operations it is shown that temporary stores are preferable where speed is essential, but more permanent stores are easier to manage. From Section Storage costs a guide to 1987 costs is available and in Section What size of structure to order a simple method of calculating store size is suggested. The decision tree (see Figure 1, p. 22) allows all these factors to be taken into account and in addition takes account of the following priorities in order of importance:

A: Is the warning of the emergency early or late?

If the warning is early, use the left-hand branch where more permanent structures, either local or imported, are feasible. If the warning is late, more temporary storage systems must be employed. However, the food store only has a function once a flow of relief food supplies is established, and the assessment of urgency should take into account the time needed to achieve this.

B: Is funding ample or scarce?

Many relief agencies can command appropriate funds but this priority is included to help keep capital costs in mind. For example, plastic-clad stores are about £56 per tonne stored while tarpaulins are £11 and therefore can, in the short term, afford five times as much protection for the same expenditure.

C: Is site management good or poor?

Branches stemming from poor management include the decision that imported supervision will be needed for store erection. Branches stemming from good management embrace difficult-to-manage systems like cover and plinth (CAP) storage and air-supported warehouses.

D: Is site transport and labour availability good or poor?

Branches stemming from poor transport/labour include facilities to speed up the turn-round of lorries. Hence, for example, drive-through stores or stores with canopies are recommended.

In the majority of food-relief emergencies warnings are late but there is ample funding; on-site management is usually good but in our experience transport is often poor. In this case the locally made plastic-covered wooden frame structure is ideal. If such structures are not easily available locally, imported plastic-clad structures should be used. Whatever the type of preferred store, selected by means of Figure 1 or otherwise, it is recommended very strongly that IN EVERY EMERGENCY STORAGE

SITUATION AS AN INSURANCE AGAINST DELAYS AND AS A FIRST-AID MEASURE, TARPAULINS SHOULD BE PURCHASED AND DESPATCHED BY AIR TO COVER THE INITIAL STORAGE REQUIREMENT. THE PROCUREMENT OF OTHER STRUCTURES FOR THE TOTAL REQUIREMENT CAN THEN PROCEED NORMALLY.

In dry weather additional storage can be obtained with temporary bag stacks (covered with tarpaulins). This is particularly useful at intermediate storage centres between port and distribution points (Friendship, 1987).


Figure

Suppliers' data

Product details, addresses, foundation descriptions, freight and price data will be found under the following headings:

A Warehouses
B Frameless buildings
C Framed structures with flexible cladding
D Frameless flexible systems

The lists of suppliers are not comprehensive; inclusion or omission of a supplier does not represent a recommendation or criticism of the company or its product. All addresses are in the United Kingdom unless otherwise stated.

A Warehouses


Information

Also

given for

supply

each type

types

ARD Brooker Engineering Ltd.

A1

A2

Conder Export Buildings Ltd.

A1


Coseley Insulation Products Ltd.

A1


Dexion Ltd.

A3


Machinery & Building Exports Ltd. (600 Group)

A6

A5, B3

Naylor Buildings Ltd.

C1

A1, A6

Powys I Industrial Buildings Ltd.

A3


Presco International Ltd.

A3


John Reid & Sons (Strucsteel) Ltd.

A4

A1

Rent-a-Unit Mexborough Ltd.

A1


Ward Brothers (Sherburn) Ltd.

A1


J Wareing & Son (Wrea Green) Ltd.

A1


Sub-categories:

A1 Traditional warehouses, with or without drive-through facilities or raised floors and shelter canopies for easy unloading/loading bags from lorries

A2 Warehouses with retaining walls take bulk grain and, depending on storage period, will require aeration of stock

A3 Warehouses similar in appearance to A1 when built, but unconventional in detailed design; includes types with frames fabricated on site, and types with prefabricated cladding sections

A4 Emergency design warehouse, see Appendix 8.

A5 Foldaway type, requires crane

A6 Nissen type, semi-circular cross-section

ARD BROOKER ENGINEERING LTD.

Address:

Goldicote Bridge


Banbury Road


Stratford-upon-Avon


Warwickshire


CV37 7NL

Telephone:

0789 740282

Telex:

312255

Product details: Steel portal-frame buildings, especially for agricultural applications.
Details as required.

Foundations

Conventional.

Example

No details available.

CONDER EXPORT BUILDINGS LTD.

Address:

Wellington Road


Burton-on-Trent


Staffordshire


DE14 2AA

Telephone:

0283 45377

Telex:

34656

Product details Steel portal-frame buildings with metal-clad or locally supplied block wails.

Standard spans: 18 m, 24 m, 30 m; any length.
Doors and ventilation: any type as required.

Foundations

Concrete pad.

Price

Competitive over 1500 m².

Erection

Crane or derrick pole required.

Example

For a 30 x 50 m building with crew of three men + crane driver: Steel work, 2 weeks, total with cladding, 4- 5 weeks depending on skill of labour.

Supervisor

£800 per week + expenses. Full erection crew can also be provided if required.

COSELEY INSULATION PRODUCTS LTD.

Address:

Hardwick View Road


Holmewood Industrial Estate


Holmewood


Chesterfield


Derbyshire


S42 5SA

Telephone:

0246 855070

Telex:

54219 Cosins G

Product details Lattice steel portal frame, clad in laminate of steel/polystyrene/steel 50 mm thick to give lightweight structural rigidity, and high thermal performance.

Spans: 10-110 m; any length, eaves height 3-7.5 m.

Doors: any type as required.

Ventilation: incorporated in standard design.

Foundations

Concrete beam, metal skids or self-supporting bases.

Example

Store:

3 m x 10 m x 30 m.


Price:

£32,400 ex-works, doors extra.


Shipping measurement:

greater than for steel clad structure.


Delivery:

3-4 weeks.


Erection time:

within 5 days, depending on base. Small crane or lifting equipment, 1.5 t capacity required.

Supervisor

£15 per hour + expenses.

DEXION LIMITED

Address:

Maylands Avenue


Hemel Hempstead


Herts.


HP2 7EN

Telephone:

0442 42261

Telex:

825794

Facsimile:

0422 217145

Product details Steel-framed buildings in which the frames are fabricated on site from galvanized-steel slotted angle and channel. Steel or aluminium-cladding. Spans from 16 ft (4.9 m) to 40 ft (12.2m) in 4 ft (1.2 m) increments; height from 8 ft (2.4 m) to 14 ft (4.3 m) in 2 ft (0.6 m) increments; any length. Doors: normally side-hung, aluminium plywood or steel.
Ventilation: at eaves by leaving out-cladding; ridge ventilation if required.

Foundations

Light slab with column bases cast into concrete block.

Example

No details available.


Note that Dexion slotted angle is available in many countries.

Supervisor

Available at £200 per day, plus expenses.

Note:

A kit form building which can be erected in about half the time of the above type is under development.

MACHINERY AND BUILDING EXPORTS LTD. (600 GROUP)

Address:

23/25 Sunbeam Road


London


NW10 6JP

Telephone:

01 995 7662

Telex:

922569

Product details* Nissen building - curved steel galvanized Tee ribs with galvanized pressed steel purling. Clad with corrugated sheeting. Widths 5 m or 7.5 m with centre heights 3 m and 3.75 m respectively; any length.

Doors: double timber 3 x 2.75 m

Ventilation: ridge ventilators can be provided, also dormer windows.

Foundations: Strip foundations are advisable, drawings provided; railway sleepers have been used.

Example

Store:

3.75 m high x 7.5 m wide x 22 m long.


Volume:

480 m³; capacity at 50% utilization, 160 t.


Price:

£3,653 ex-works.


Shipping:

7 bundles weighing 2960 kg.


Delivery:

ex-stock, to 7 days for a large order.


Erection time: 5 days with supervisor and 3 helpers. A scaffolding tower is recommended for erection.

Supervisor

£90 per day + expenses.

POWYS INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS LTD.

Address:

Pentre


Near Nesscliffe


Shrewsbury


Shropshire


SY4 1 BP

Telephone:

0743 81495

Telex:

35438 Telcom G (POWYS BUILD)

Product details All steel lightweight fully clad sectional panels when assembled give structure similar characteristics to a portal frame building. Spans 5.2-9.1 m; eaves height 2.1 m or 3.6 m; lengths as required in increments of 1.8 m.

Doors: steel hinged doors as standard.

Ventilation: at eaves.

Foundations

Perimeter foundations required.

Example

Store: 7 ft (2.1 m) x 17 ft (5.2 m) x 24 ft (7.3 m)


Price: £16,000 ex-works


Shipping weight: 1 t approximately.


Delivery: 14 days.


Erection time: 2-3 days with three helpers.

Supervisor

Available at approximately £150 per day + expenses.

PRESCO INTERNATIONAL LTD.

Address:

Small Products Division


Delta Way


Cannock


Staffordshire

WS11 3BE

Telephone:

05435 2671

Telex:

334723 Facsimile: 05435 72710

Product details Steel-framed building with prefabricated wall and roof panels clad with galvanised corrugated steel.

Span:

17 ft (5.2 m), multi-span designs available; eaves height 12 ft (3.6 m); length from 18 ft (5.5 m) in 6 ft (1.8 m) increments.

Doors:

steel, hinged, full height of building.

Ventilation: gap at eaves only.


Foundations

Concrete column bases required.

Example

Store:

SU/DD/30. 12 ft (3.6 m) x 17 ft (5.2 m) x

30 ft (9.1 m)


Price:

£2,133 ex-works.



Shipping weight:

2064 kg.



Delivery:

ex-stock or under 10 days.



Erection time:

1 day with four men.


Supervisor

Not required. Construction manual provided.

JOHN REID & SONS (STRUCSTEEL) LTD.

Address:

Reid Street


Christchurch


Dorset


BH23 2LT

Telephone:

0202 483333

Telex:

41260 REID G

Facsimile:

0202 47013

Product details Steel portal-framed building, designed for containerisation and ability to be manhandled. Supplied as basic structure with Aluzinc coated roof but without wall cladding or doors; or with Aluzinc coated steel walls and doors 2 x 2 m at each end.

Standard size 2.5 m to eaves and 11 m wide, 29.5 m long in five bays of 5.9 m. Designed for wind loads of 60 kg/ m²

Capacity with 60% utilisation of volume is 400 tonnes of bagged maize.

Doors: 2 m x 2 m sliding type.

Ventilation: ventilated ridge capping suggested, £90 extra.

Foundations

The building can be staked to the levelled ground with steel pins, bolted onto existing slabs or bolted onto purpose-made slabs or footings.

Example

Standard building as above.

Price

Ex-works for four basic structures loaded into container is £1 5,230. Ex-works for three clad structures loaded into container is £18,940.


This is equivalent to £6,313 per-clad structure.

Shipping

Basic structure fits four per 20 ft container, weight 4.2 t.


Structures with walls clad and doors fit three per container, weight 6.5 t.

Delivery

2-6 weeks.

Erection time

3-5 days for supervisor and four helpers for the basic building. 7-10 days for the enclosed building. No power tools or equipment needed; cost of hand tools £30.

Supervisor

Available at £100-150 per diem plus expenses and air fare.

(For design details see Appendix 8).

RENT-A-UNIT MEXBOROUGH LTD.

Address:

Edward House


Whitelea Grove


Mexborough


South Yorkshire


S64 0Qp

Telephone:

0709 585591

Telex:

547657

Product details Portal-frame building with rectangular hollow section frames and galvanized corrugated steel-cladding.

Span: 5.3-9.1 m; eaves 3.75 m; length as required.

Doors: hinged, 3.15 m high. Roller shutter doors also available.

Ventilation: gap at eaves.

Foundations

Detail drawings supplied.

Example

Store: 3.75 m high x 9.1 m wide x 30.8 m long.


Price: £11,242 ex-works.


Shipping: 9 bundles. Total weight 8.55 t. Volume 31.1 m³.


Erection time: 10 days with supervisor and 3 helpers. No crane required.

Supervisor

Available at £800 per week + expenses. Alternatively, supervisor training would be provided in the United Kingdom at no charge.

WARD BROTHERS (SHERBURN) LTD.

Address:

Widespan Works


Sherburn


Malton


N. Yorks.

Telephone:

0944 70421

Telex:

52354 Facsimile: 0944 70777

Product details Steel portal-frame buildings with spans from 12 m to 36 m. Also farm kit buildings with spans from 9 m to 18 m.

Doors: Top-hung sliding doors, or as required.

Foundations Conventional.

Example: No details available.

J WAREING & SON (WREA GREEN) LTD.

Address:

Wrea Green


Preston


Lancashire


PR4 2NB

Telephone:

0772 628159/682914

Product details Steel portal-frame buildings with asbestos or steel cladding, supplied in kit form.
Span and eaves height as required; length normally in multiples of 15 ft or 20 ft (4.6 m or 6.1 m).

Doors: can be supplied at extra cost.

Ventilation: can be supplied.

Foundations

Concrete pad for each column; 1 m³ or as required by local conditions or regulations.

Example

Store:

10 ft high x 30 ft wide x 45 ft long (3 m high x 9.2 m wide x 13.8 m long)


Price:

£2,175 ex works. (Doors extra)


Delivery:

1 month


Erection time

2-24 days depending on experience. Require 3-4 men, light crane or digger (alternatively pole and chain blocks)

Supervisor

Not available; instructions and a video can be provided.

B Frameless buildings

Information

Also

given for

supply

each type

types

Ardenlea Enterprises Ltd.

B3


Conport Structures Ltd.

B3


Machinery & Building Exports Ltd.

A6

B3

Monatta Ltd.

B2


Quadrem Buildings Ltd.

B3


Terrapin Ltd.

B1


Sub-categories:

B1 Terrapin type
B2 Terryboard experimental panels
B3 Prestressed modular, no-frame type
B4 Steel silos with aeration ducts or plenum floor

ARDENLEA ENTERPRISES LIMITED

Address:

Aylesbury Road


Princes Risborough


Aylesbury


Buckinghamshire


HP17 0JP

Telephone:

08444 5572

Telex:

837014 GAIN

Product details ARCHIDROME buildings with semi-circular cross-section.

Built from self-supporting sections of galvanized steel; no trusses, rafters or stanchions. Standard range spans 6.5-21.6 m, with centre heights 2.9-6.1 m; other spans and building profiles also available. Steel gauge according to span.

Doors: double sliding doors.

Ventilation: side or ridge ventilators available as extras.

Foundation: Simple concrete perimeter foundations required.

Example

Store:

14 ft (42.7 m) centre height, 30 ft (9.1 m) internal span, 40 ft (12 m) overall length, double doors one end. Capacity 1 30 t bagged maize at 50% utilisation of volume.

Price:

£6,027 f.o.b. Rotterdam (based on mini-mum order 5 buildings).

Shipping:

weight 3026 kg, palletized; load can be broken down for easy manhandling if required. Can be containerised.

Delivery:

4-6 weeks.

Erection time: 10 days with supervisor and 3-4 helpers. Scaffolding required.

Supervisor: Available at approximately £165 per day + expenses.

CONPORT STRUCTURES LTD.

Address:

11 Kings Road


Sloane Square


London SW3

Telephone:

01 730 9105

Telex:

919645 CONPRT G

Product details Relocatable modular frameless building designed for quick erection and easy transport. Galvanized steel construction, colour coating available. Basic buildings 3.1 m height to eaves, either 7.5 x 19.9 m or 9.3 x 21.6 m; lengths can be increased in units of 1.8 m for both.

Doors: double hinged, 2.6 m wide.

Ventilation: ridge and gable-end ventilators available.

Foundations: Concrete perimeter strip usually required in sandy soil; ground spikes usually sufficient in clay.

Example

Store:

3.1 high x 9.3 wide x 23.4 m long with 4 ridge and 1 gable ventilator.


Capacity 250 t at 50% utilization of volume.



Price:

£6,068 including erecting tower, tools and ground spikes.


Shipping:

4.2 t, palletized: 4 buildings fit one 20 ft container (open topped)


Delivery:

ex-stock to 4 weeks

Erection time: 1« days with supervisor and 3 helpers if foundation strip ready.

Supervisor

Available at a charge of about £750 per week + expenses.

MONATTA LTD.

Address:

2 St Andrew Street


Plymouth


Devon


PL1 2AH

Telephone:

0752 221569

Product details A quick-assembly/dismountable building system, comprising 'Terryboard', a sandwich board of weather-and-boil-proof plywood and insulated corkboard, and plywood linking strips, wedges or bolts. Basic board available in 600 mm width, 70 mm thickness, lengths 2.4 m, 3 m and 3.6 m.

Doors: as required.

Ventilation: apertures easily cut, or ventilators inserted.

Foundations

Not required- ballast used to anchor buildings.


Example

Store: 12 ft high (apex) x 10 ft wide x 20 ft long (3.1

x 3.0 x 6.1 m).

Price:

basic board £15 per square metre.


Weight:

basic board 12 kg/m².


Delivery:

2 weeks.


Erection

1« hours with 4 people, using prepared components. Alternatively can be constructed from basic board using hand drill and hand saw.

Supervisor

Not required - assembly diagrams available.

QUADREM BUILDINGS LTD.

Address:

Quadrem Buildings Ltd.


Frogmore Mill


Hemel Hempstead


Herts.


HP3 9RY

Telephone:

0442 54595

Telex:

825815

Product details A stressed skin structure composed of heavy gauge galvanized steel arches. No structural framework required: 10 ft x 2 ft corrugated panels are bolted together to form an arch. Arches then raised and linked to complete the building. Available in spans from 20 ft to 80 ft (6.1 m to 24.4 m) and in any length.

Doors: standard sliding doors supplied 24 ft (7.3 m) wide, 14 ft (4.3 m) high; door and endwall combinations are variable to suit requirements.

Ventilation: circular ventilators, wind driven turbo-type fitted at the ridge £107 extra each.

Foundation: The normal foundation is a concrete perimeter strip only 16 inches deep, in which is formed a trough to receive the ends of the arch panels. This is then grouted to form a weathertight seal.
Example: Typical store 42 ft (1 2.8 m) wide x 60 ft (1 8.3 m) long; centre height 21 ft (6.4 m); capacity 400 tonnes of bagged maize at 70% utilisation.
Price: arches only: £6,500 ex-works United Kingdom endwal I and doors: £2,500 ex-works United Kingdom
Shipping weight: arches only: 3400 kg, 2 pallets 2 ft x 10 ft x 4 ft (0.6 x 3.05 x 1.2 m) endwall and doors: 1600 kg, maximum length 14 ft (4.27 m)

Delivery:

ex-stock or 2-3 weeks ex-Toronto

Erection time:

5 days for first store, with supervisor and 4 helpers, if foundation strip is ready. Only light lifting gear or scaffolding is required.

Supervisor

Available at a charge of approximately £125 per day plus airfare and expenses.

TERRAPIN LTD.

Address:

Bond Avenue


Bletchley


Milton Keynes


MK1 1JJ

Telephone:

0908 74971

Telex:

82468

Product details 'Incremented unit construction' using mass produced modules comprising rolled-steel structural members and composite insulated roof and wall cladding. Prefabricated units are transported in packs and then erected with speed.

Spans are 7.2 m, 9.6 m or 12.0 m; height 3.6 m or 4.8 m; length in increments of 3.6 m.

Doors: double sliding or 'up-and-over' doors.

Ventilation: trap door type available.

Foundations: Concrete pad.
Example: No specific details available.


Erection time: Approximately 400 m³ of floor area per day with a supervisor and three helpers. Scaffolding required, crane advisable.

C Framed structures with flexible cladding

Information

Also

given for

supply

each type

types

Airclad Ltd.

C5


Aldek AS

C1


Owen Brown & Son (Tents) Ltd.

C1


Cherwell Valley Silos Ltd.

C1


Clyde Canvas Goods & Structures Ltd.

D4

C1

CY Inflatables Ltd.

C5


Germex-Gerhard Meyer & Co.

C4


Andrew Mitchell & Co. Ltd.

D3

C1, D1

Naylor Buildings Ltd.

C1

A1, A6

Rubb Buildings Ltd.

C1


Spandrel Hire Ltd.

C1


Sub-categories:

C1 Steel or aluminium frame with plastic cover
C2 Wooden frame and canvas/plastic cover
C3 Wooden frame and woven mat cover
C4 Flexible silos supported with weldmesh
C5 Air-supported frame type; need powered fan for inflation

AIRCLAD LTD.

Address:

Langley House


Langley Hill


Nottingham


NG16 4AN

Telephone:

0773 768352/530777

Telex:

377985 LANHSEG

Product details Structure comprises a double skin membrane of UV-inhibited, fire-retardant PVC/nylon, supported by inflated air under low pressure. A wide range of sizes is available.

Doors: flexible, soft-sliding

Ventilation: any area can be specified at no extra cost.

Foundations: None; structure is held down with ground anchors and tensioned ropes.

Example

Store:

5 m high at centre x 10 m wide x 20 m long. Capacity 780 m³ or 200-250 t bagged maize at 50% utilization.

Price:

£9,483, including a 2 kW 3-phase electric fan for inflation.

Shipping weight:

building 820 kg, fan 30 kg; total 3 m³.

Building can be sectionalised for easier handling, at additional cost.

Delivery:

5 weeks.


Erection time:

1-2 hours maximum.


Supervisor

Not required.


ALDEK AS


Address:

7 Thorslundsveg


DK-5100 Odense


Denmark

Telephone:

(09) 1122 33

Telex:

59912.

Cable:

aldekaldek

Product details Four ranges of structures, comprising a galvanized steel lattice frame with a cover of PVC-coated nylon or polyester fabric. One range of frames may also be clad with steel sheets.

Seven spans available in the range 5-25 m. Lengths according to requirements in increments of 2 m, 3 m or 4 m.

Doors: usually hinged, wood or metal; sliding doors also supplied.

Ventilation: by arrangement.

Foundations: Concrete pad foundations for permanent installations. All except one range of buildings may also be anchored by strong earth rods.
Example No details available.

OWEN BROWN & SON (TENTS) LTD.

Address:

Bishop Meadow Road


Loughborough


Leicestershire


LE11 ORQ

Telephone:

0509 214334

Telex:

342392 OBROWN G

Product details Structure of portal frame or polygon design made from anodised hollow aluminium profiles, covered with PVC-coated Trevira fabric. Eaves height 3.4 m or 4.2 m; spans from 3.87 m to 40 m; lengths as required in 5 m modules. Steel sheet cladding can also be used on vertical walls.

Doors: fabric or rigid doors can be installed in any position.

Ventilation: eaves ventilation possible at additional cost.

Foundations: 0.75 m stakes in well-prepared ground; concrete ring beam required for sand.

Example

Store: 3.4 m high x 12.5 m wide x 30 m long. Ref. KF 125.


Price: £19,500 ex-works.


Shipping weight: approximately 3750 kg.


Delivery:

6-8 weeks.



Erection time:

under « day (1000 m²/day).

For 25 m span crew of 8 required but fewer for this building. No special equipment needed.

Supervisor

Available at £132 per day + expenses.

CHERWELL VALLEY SILOS LTD.

Address:

Twyford


Banbury


Oxfordshire


OX17 3AA

Telephone:

0295 811 441

Telex:

83477

Product details Low profile steel-framed plastic structures designed for rapid erection with minimum site preparation. Cover of heavy-duty PVC-coated polyester, UV-resistant. Lightweight tubular steel arches and purling. A butyl rubber floor is optional.

Standard span 11 m, length in modules of 12 m, height 3 m (average).

Alternative designs are available for structures up to 30 m span.

Doors: double sliding 2.5 x 2.5 m are standard.

Ventilation: gable-end ventilators included.

Aluminium framed designs also available.

Foundations: Ground anchors, or bolted to existing concrete slab.

Example

Store:

3 m high x 11 m wide x 24 m long.


Capacity at 60% utilisation, 320 t bagged maize.



Price:

£1 8,000 ex-works, floor extra.


Shipping weight:

5200 kg, 16 m³; floor 660 kg, 2 m³ extra.


Erection time:

2 to 3 days with supervisor and 3-4 helpers. No special tools needed.

Supervisor

Available at approximately £150 per day + expenses.

CY INFLATABLES LTD.

Address:

Unit 1 A, Queniborough Industrial Estate


Melton Road


Queniborough


Leicestershire

LE7 8FP

Telephone:

0533 602506

Product details Flexible structure with inflated tubular 'frame', constructed from nylon-reinforced PVC. Designed in units, maximum 10 m width, 10 m length, which can be joined, but each unit requires a fan. A floor sheet can be included.

Doors: PVC flexible doors on end.

Foundations

None required.

Example

Store: 10 m wide x 10 m long.


Price: £5,350 ex-works.


Shipping weight: 350 kg, 1.5 m³ approx.


Delivery: 4 weeks


Erection time: 10 minutes.

Supervisor

Not required.

GERMEX-GERHARD MEYER & CO.

Address:

2000 Hamburg 76


Landwehr 25


Federal Republic of Germany

Telephone:

(040) 2 50 10 88

Telex:

213051 GERMX D

Product details Flexible silos comprising bottom liner and roof cone each of one piece, hf-welded. Material polyester-fabric coated with several layers of different plastic coatings. Specifically developed for grain storage. Liner material offers high resistance to PH3 penetration. Seal of bottom liner against roof cover by special spring-loaded peripheral cord plus roll-connection of aprons with locking rope and padlock. Surrounding wall of welded steel mesh, pre-shaped segments of about 127 cm width x 245 cm height, screwed together by high tenacity steel bolts. All segments hot-dip galvanized. Rodent barrier of corrugated galvanized-steel sheet.

Storm net: pre-knit net of weather-resistant plastic ropes, pulled over the roof and fixed to the grill wall.

Nominal capacities of 250 t, 500 t, 750 t and 1000 t available.

The silos may be used for grain in bags as well as for loose grain. Usually they are loaded with bagged grain. The silos are supplied with an anti-condensation liner, which is fitted under the roof cover to ameliorate the effects of moisture migration.

Foundations

None. Level site free from debris is required.

Example

Standard: 500 t silo.


Price: DM 41 000 ex-works.


Shipping weight: 2500 kg approximately.


Erection time: 4-5 hours with 4-6 semi-skilled workers.


Toolkit and repair kit supplied.

NAYLOR BUILDINGS LTD.

Address:

Romney House


Wolverhampton Street

Darlaston


West Midlands


WS10 3UB

Telephone:

021-526 3851

Telex:

338499 Romney G

Product details* Super lightweight Romney; tubular aluminium frame with aluminized canvas/plastic cover giving semi-circular cross section building. Basic size as example below but other sizes available.

Doors: roll-up flexible door is standard.

Ventilation: gable-end screened ventilators available.

Foundation: Concrete strip foundation essential, drawing supplied.

Example

Store:

5.5 m maximum height x 12.3 m wide x 25 m long. Volume 1280 m³, will store 500 t bagged maize at 50% utilisation.

Price:

£7,150 ex works.

Shipping weight:

1010 kg, 5.2 m³; 4 packages.

Delivery:

2-4 weeks.

Erection time:

2 days with supervisor and 3 helpers. Scaffold tower advisable

Supervisor

Available at approximately £150 per day + expenses.

RUBB BUILDINGS LTD.

Address:

Dukesway


Team Valley Trading Estate


Gateshead


Tyne and Wear


NE11 0QE

Telephone:

091 482 2516

Telex:

537756 Facsimile: 091 482 2516.

Product details Structures have galvanized steel frames and PVC-coated polyester covers; for tropical use the cover is fire-retardant, UV-stabilised, and pigmented white. The THA range has spans from 6 m to 15 m, with lengths in multiples of 3 m, and includes a foundation beam. Other ranges permit spans up to 40 m and eaves heights of 6 m or more.

Doors: PVC folding doors, lockable. Lace-up door available at reduced price.

Ventilation: sloping ducts in gable ends.

Foundations: Depending on site conditions, steel spikes, ballast weight or concrete ringbeam may be used.

Example

Store:

3.3 m high (eaves) x 12 m wide x 24 m long. Capacity at 60% volume utilization, 400 tonnes maize.

Price:

£9,080 ex works.

Shipping weight:

4439 kg, 8.5 m³. Estimated that 4 units can be shipped in a 20 ft container.

Delivery:

normally from stock.

Erection time:

1 day for first store; supervisor and 3 helpers. Crane not required for erection; hand tools and ladders supplied with the store.

Supervisor

Available at £15 per hour plus expenses.

SPANDREL HIRE LTD.

Address:

Armadale Road


Feltham


Middlesex


TW14 OLR

Telephone:

01 751 4464

Telex:

24851

Product details Aluminium-framed structures with covering of PVC-coated high-tenacity polyester. Spans from 20 ft to 60 ft (6.1 m to 18.3 m) available. Doors and ventilation as required.

Example

No details available.

D Frameless flexible systems



Information

Also given for supply each type types


Calnay Ltd.

D3


The Canvas and Nylon Company

D1


Clyde Canvas Goods and Structures Ltd.

D4

C1

Fell-Fab (United Kingdom) Ltd.

D3


Andrew Mitchell & Co. Ltd.

D3


Moreland Tarpaulins Ltd.

see


Visqueen



Scandinavian Hovercraft Promotions AS

D4


Singleton Flint

D3


Visqueen Polythene Film Products imperial

D3


Chemical Industries Plc



WS Surplus Supplies Ltd.

D1


Sub-categories:

D1 Marquee tents, often used for refugees, can be used for stocks
D2 CAP, see Appendix 6.
D3 Tarpaulins only or plastic sheeting preferably with reinforced eyelets.
D4 Airwarehouse pressure supported.
D5 Polyethylene (black) sheet with eucalyptus poles.

CALNAY LTD.

Address:

Maerdy Industrial Estate


Rhymney


Gwent


NP2 5XG

Telephone:

0685 840672

Telex:

497666

Product details Polyethylene film up to 17.5 m wide without joins, of thickness from 100to 1000(400-4000 gauge). Reinforcing, UV-inhibitors and colours as required.

Also: emergency tent comprising one-piece white polythene cover with sectional frame of polypropylenel/PVC pipe.

Examples

1) Sheet 13 x 18 m, 375 with eyelets at 1 m spacing.


Price: £76


Shipping weight: 82 kg.


Delivery: 1-5 days.


2) Emergency tent 2.2 m high, 4 m wide, 3 m deep.


Price: £115 f.o.b. United Kingdom airport.


Shipping weight: 30 kg. Crate of 12 units 400 kg, 3.15 m³.


Delivery: ex-stock.

THE CANVAS AND NYLON COMPANY

Address:

North Street


Winkfield


Nr Windsor


Berkshire

SL4 4TF

Telephone:

0344 882539

Product details Marquee tents; cover of white canvas, 15 oz/yd g/m²), solar reflectant, UV-protected and weatherproof; wooden poles.

Foundations

Not required.

Example

Tent:

6 ft high (eaves) x 20 ft wide x 63 ft long


(1.8 x 6.1 x 19.2 m)



Price:

£2,800


Shipping weight: not available.


Delivery: limited supplies ex-stock


Erection time: « day with 10 people, and Landrover to pull up.

Supervisor

Not available.

CLYDE CANVAS GOODS AND STRUCTURES LTD.

Address:

42 North Bar


Banbury


Oxfordshire


OX16 OTH

Telephone:

0295 61511/2

Telex:

837912

Product details Single-skin flexible structure supported solely by internal pressure from a continuously running fan. Standard shapes are designed to give maximum usable space compatible with optimum performance under wind loadings; widths 15-35 m, lengths 15-120 m, centre height 7-9 m. Normally the main fan is electric, requiring a 3-phase supply of adequate rating, with a diesel engine driven fan as standby.

Doors: double airlock doors, normally timber construction.

Ventilation: the designed leakage from the structure (1.4 m³/min per metre linear circumference) provides some ventilation (about 1 or 2 air changes per hour); this can be increased using flaps in the roof fabric or louvres in emergency doors.

Foundations

Concrete ring beam or ground anchors.

Example

No details available.

Supervisor

Necessary for erection, at customer's expense.

Note:

The company also supplies steel and aluminium-framed flexible-clad structures.

FELL-FAB (United Kingdom) LTD.

Address:

7 Lenton Drive


Parkside Industrial Estate


Leeds


LS11 5JW

Telephone:

0532 70467

Telex:

557948

Product details Tarpaulins of reinforced polyethylene sheet: reinforcement 10 x 10, 1000 denier synthetic threads, laminations of 30 microns polyethylene.

Standard sizes: 18 x 12 ft; 21 x 15 ft; 24 x 18 ft; 30 x 23 ft; 40x23ft. (5.5x3.6m;6.4 x 4.6 m;7.3xS.5m;9.1 x7.0 m; 12.2 x 7.0 m)

Example

Sheet: 9.1 x 7.0 m.


Price: £23 each, reducing for large orders.


Shipping weight: 10 kg (estimated).


Delivery: 3-5 days.

Supervisor

Not applicable.

ANDREW MITCHELL & CO. LTD.

Address:

Bishop Works


Amulree Street


Glasgow


G32 7SL

Telephone:

041 778 5461

Telex:

77393

Product details Tarpaulins supplied complete with eyelets and ropes. Two materials are available: V12P PVC-coated polyester, 17 oz/ yd g/m2), and AMPLS, a laminated PVC-reinforced with polyester netting, total 348 g/ m². The materials can also be supplied as rolls 1.5 m and 1.37 m wide respectively, for local fabrication. Both of these materials are suitable for use in undersheet fumigation.

Example

Sheet:

60 x 40 ft (18 x 12 m) nominal

Price: using V12P, £540 f.o.b. United Kingdom port. using AMPLS, £395 f.o.b. United Kingdom port.

Shipping weight: V12P, 137 kg

AMPLS, 90 kg

Delivery: 6-8 weeks.

SCANDINAVIAN HOVERCRAFT PROMOTIONS AS

Address:

Stortingsgt. 14


Oslo 1


Norway

Telephone:

41 49 74/41 30 31

Telex:

16128

Product details Air warehouse comprising skin of PVC-coated polyester supported by increased air pressure from continuously-running fans. Span 16-35 m, lengths 24-90 m in standard range.

Doors: variety of airlock doors available, normally folding steel.

Ventilation: air exchange due to inflation fan only.

Foundations

Concrete ring beam, ground anchor cable, or ballast according to site conditions.

Example

No details available.

Supervisor

Available at about £200 per day, plus expenses.

SINGLETON FLINT

Address:

Newland Works


Deacon Road


Lincoln


LN2 4LE

Telephone:

0522 24542

Telex:

56246

Product details 'Lynkon Nicotarp' tarpaulins made from woven polyethylene tape fabric laminated with polyethylene both sides, UV-inhibited; supplied complete with eyelets and ropes. Range of standard sizes and to order, maximum width normally 6 m. Tarpaulins of other materials also available.

Example

Sheet: 20 x 80 ft (6 x 24 m) nominal


Price: £112 each (for order of 10 or more sheets)


Shipping weight: 30 kg

Delivery:

usually ex-stock or 7 days.

VISQUEEN POLYTHENE FILM PRODUCTS IMPERIAL CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES PLC

Address:

Yarm Road

Distributor:


Stockton-on-Tees

Moreland Tarpaulins Ltd.


Cleveland

Britannia Works


TS18 3RD

25 St Pancras Way



London NW1 0QB

Telephone:

0642 672888

Telephone:

01 387 5210

Telex:

58509

Overseas enquirers shuld contact Visqueen initially

Product details Toughened black UV-inhibited polyethylene sheet, 250 m or 375 m thick. Supplied as rolls, or as cut sheets with eyelets and ropes, maximum width 7.5 m.

Example

Sheet:

7.5 x 10 m, 375 m; with eyelets and ropes.


Price:

£67.76, f.o.b. Reduction for orders of 10 sheets.


Shipping weight:

33 kg.


Delivery:

ex-stock to 7 days.

WS SURPLUS SUPPLIES LTD.

Address:

Mill Street


Eynsham


Oxford

Telephone:

0865 881541

Product details

Renovated marquees 20 ft (6.1 m) wide x 63 ft (19.2 m) long x 6 ft (1.8 m) to eaves.

Packed in six packages weighing 400 kg in total for export.

Price

£950 ex-works.

Delivery

Ex-stock.

Wooden pallet manufactures

The following manufacturers may be contacted if no local timber or dunnage is available:

W Groom Ltd.

R Jewson & Sons

Benner Road

Toynbee Road

Pinchbeck

Eastleigh

Spalding

Hampshire

PE11 JUG

SO5 4YF

Tilgate Pallets Ltd.

Unit Pallets Ltd.

Brighton Road

Golborne

Crawley

Warrington

RH11 9BH

WAS 3RN

The trade association:

Timber Packing and Pallet Confederation (TIMCON)

5 Greenfield Crescent
Edgbaston
Birmingham B15 3BE

can advise names of additional manufacturers.

Pallets are costly to send by sea or air freight and local assembly of pre-cut components is a possible alternative.

Responsibilities for purchasers and users of temporary stores

Tendering

It is the purchaser's responsibility when preparing tender forms to request the vendor to answer the following:

(i) What is the structure design wind speed?
(ii) What form of foundation is supplied for sandy soils? Does this affect (i)?
(iii) Is the structure designed for tropical exposure, i.e. are all parts, including ropes, UV-resistant?
(v) Is erection without a supervisor practical? Have visual instructions and local language manuals been printed and are 6 copies supplied?

When evaluating tenders, the purchaser must check the data on designed wind loading against recorded local gust speeds, to determine that the structure is safe.
Where possible, purchasers should ask for a demonstration to judge for themselves ease of erection/relocatability.

Site selection

A level site protected from flooding with good access is vital. If possible the site should be in an area without strong winds or it should be protected from wind. ALWAYS ASK LOCAL PEOPLE ABOUT POTENTIALLY WINDY SITES.

Installation
The purchaser should ensure

(i) That the supplier's engineer/supervisor will be available for erection overseas.
(ii) That erection and loading only take place in dry calm weather.
(iii) That the relief food is inspected to prevent wet sacks being loaded.

and should take these steps prior to erection of stores:

(i) Clear vegetation from site.
(ii) Mark out store bases at least 6 m apart to allow for lorry access.
(iii) Clear the base of stones and sharp objects which can damage tarpaulins, etc.

Suppliers should provide supervision and training in erecting the structures as part of the contract, even if charged separately. Users should recruit a reliable foreman and understudy at each site to take full advantage of this service. With the foremen and his understudy as the nucleus, a trained erection team can be formed to ensure the success of future operations.