Cover Image
fechar este livroAssessment of Nutritional Status in Emergency-Affected Populations - Adolescents (UNSSCN, 2000, 24 p.)
Ver o documento(introduction...)
Ver o documentoSummary
Ver o documentoIntroduction
Ver o documentoBackground on anthropometry
abre esta pasta e visualiza o conteúdoCurrent WHO recommendations for adolescent anthropometry
abre esta pasta e visualiza o conteúdoComplications of adolescent anthropometry
abre esta pasta e visualiza o conteúdoWhich anthropometric index?
abre esta pasta e visualiza o conteúdoPossible solutions for the future
Ver o documentoFuture research needs
Ver o documentoConclusions and recommendations
Ver o documentoReferences
Ver o documentoANNEX 1. Median and 70% of median weights for various heights, for males and female adolescents. Data from Michael Golden.
Ver o documentoBack Cover

References

1. Collins S. (1993) The need for adult therapeutic care in emergency feeding programs. Lessons from Somalia. The Journal of the American Medical Association 270:637-638.

2. Brabin L, Ikimalo J, Dollimore N, Kemp J, Ikokwu-Wonodi C, Babatunde S, Obunge O, Briggs N. (1997) How do they grow? A study of south-eastern Nigerian adolescent girls. Acta Paediatrica 86:1114-1120.

3. Kurz KM, Johnson-Welch C (1994) The nutrition and lives of adolescents in developing countries; findings from the nutrition of adolescent girls research programme. International Center for Research on Women: Washington, D.C,.

4. Delgado HL, Hurtado E. (1990) Physical growth and menarche in Guatemalan adolescents. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 40:503-517.

5. Ahmed F, Zareen M, Khan MR, Banu CP, Haq MN, Jackson AA. (1998) Dietary patterns, nutrient intake and growth of adolescent school girls in urban Bangladesh. Public Health Nutrition 1:83-92.

6. Dreizen S, Spirakis CN, Stone RE. (1967) A comparison of skeletal growth and maturation in undernourished and well-nourished girls before and after menarche. Journal of Pediatrics 70:256-263.

7. Singh R. (1995) in Essays on Auxology, ed. Hauspie, R, Lindgren, G, Falkner, K. Castlemead Publications, Avon, UK.

8. ACC/SCN. (1992) Second Report on the World Nutrition Situation. ACC/SCN, Geneva.

9. ACC/SCN. (2000) Fourth Report on the World Nutrition Situation. ACC/SCN, Geneva.

10. Young H, Jaspars S. (1995) Nutrition, disease and death in times of famine. Disasters 19:94-109.

11. The Sphere Project (1998) Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Geneva.

12. WHO. (1995) Physical Status: the Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry, Report of a WHO Expert Committee. World Health Organization, Geneva.

13. WHO. (2000) The management of nutrition in major emergencies World Health Organization, Geneva.

14. MSF. (1995) Nutrition Guidelines Medecins sans Frontis, Paris.

15. Branca F, Burkholder BT, Hamel M, Parvanta A, Robertson A (1996) Health and nutrition survey of internationally displaced and resident populations of Azerbaijan. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Atlanta, GA,.

16. CDC. (1992) Nutritional needs surveys among the elderly- Russia and Armenia, 1992. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 41:809-810.

17. Toole MJ, Serdula M. (1996) Determining the nutritional status of the elderly in post-cold war Russia. American Journal of Public Health 86:299-301.

18. McNabb SJ, Welch K, Laumark S, Peterson DE, Ratard RC, Toole MJ, Farley TA. (1994) Population-based nutritional risk survey of pensioners in Yerevan, Armenia. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 10:65-70.

19. Collins S. (1996) Using middle upper arm circumference to assess severe adult malnutrition during famine. The Journal of the American Medical Association 276:391-395.

20. WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (1995) Field Guide on Rapid Nutritional Assessment in Emergencies. World Health Organization, Alexandria.

21. Shetty PS, James WPT. (1994) Body mass index: a measure of chronic energy deficiency in adults. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome.

22. WHO. (1999) Management of severe malnutrition: a manual for physicians and other senior health workers. World Health Organization, Geneva.

23. Young H, Jaspars S. (1995) Nutritional assessments, food security and famine. Disasters 19:26-36.

24. Must A, Dallal GE, Dietz WH. (1991) Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (wt/ht2) and triceps skinfold thickness - a correction. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 54:773.

25. Must A, Dallal GE, Dietz WH. (1991) Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (wt/ht2) and triceps skinfold thickness. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53:839-846.

26. WHO. (1983) Measuring change in nutritional status: guidelines for assessing the nutritional impact of supplementary feeding programmes. World Health Organization, Geneva.

27. de Onis M, Dasgupta P, Saha S, Sengupta D, Bler M. (submitted for publication) Assessment of nutritional and maturational status of adolescent boys from West Bengal: validation of reference data.

28. Kurz KM. (1996) Adolescent nutritional status in developing countries. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 55:321-331.

29. IRC. (1997) Nutritional status of school-aged children in Kakuma refugee camp. International Rescue Committee: Nairobi, Kenya..

30. Woodruff BA, Slutsker L, Cook ST. Prevalence of anaemia and low body mass index in adolescents 10-19 years of age in Kakuma Camp, Kenya. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta.

31. Cookson ST, Woodruff BA, Slutsker L.. Prevalence of anaemia and low body mass index in adolescents 10-19 years of age in Dadaab District, Kenya. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta.

32. Woodruff BA, Duffield A, Blanck H, Larson MK, Pahari S, Bhatia R. Prevalence of low BMI and specific micronutrient deficiencies in adolescents 10-19 years of age in Bhutanese refugee camps, Nepal, October 1999. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta.

33. Victora CG. (1992) The association between wasting and stunting: an international perspective. Journal of Nutrition 122:1105-1110.

34. de Onis M, Bler M. (1997) WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition World Health Organization, Geneva.

35. Rolland-Cachera MF, Cole TJ, Sempe M, Tichet J, Rossignol C, Charraud A. (1991) Body Mass Index variations: centiles from birth to 87 years. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 45:13-21.

36. Hammer LD, Kraemer HC, Wilson DM, Ritter PL, Dornbusch SM. (1991) Standardized percentile curves of body-mass index for children and adolescents. American Journal of Diseases of Children 145:259-263.

37. Cole TJ. (1991) in Anthropometric Assessment of Nutritional Status, ed. Himes, JH. Wiley-Liss, Inc., New York, pp. 83-111.

38. Gerver WJ, De Bruin R. (1995) Relationship between height, sitting height and subischial leg length in Dutch children: presentation of normal values. Acta Paediatrica 84:532-535.

39. Pathmanathan G, Prakash S. (1994) Growth of sitting height, subischial leg length and weight in well-off northwestern Indian children. Annals of Human Biology 21:325-334.

40. Yun DJ, Yun DK, Chang YY, Lim SW, Lee MK, Kim SY. (1995) Correlations among height, leg length and arm span in growing Korean children. Annals of Human Biology 22:443-458.

41. Frisancho AR. (1981) New norms of upper limb fat and muscle areas for assessment of nutritional status. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34:2540-2545.

42. Riley AP. (1990) Dynamic and static measures of growth among pre- and postmenarcheal females in rural Bangladesh. American Journal of Human Biology 2:255-2264.

43. Riley AP, Huffman SL, Chowdhury AK. (1989) Age at menarche and postmenarcheal growth in rural Bangladeshi females. Annals of Human Biology 16:347-359.

44. Eveleth PB, Tanner JM. (1990) Worldwide variation in human growth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

45. Tanner JM. (1976) Population differences in body size, shape and growth rate. A 1976 view. Archives of Disease in Childhood 51:1-2.

46. Martinez E, Devesa M, Bacallao J, Amador M. (1993) [Subscapular/triceps index: percentile values in Cuban children and adolescents]. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 43:199-203.

47. Gasser T, Ziegler P, Kneip A, Prader A, Molinari L, Largo RH. (1993) The dynamics of growth of weight, circumferences and skinfolds in distance, velocity and acceleration. Annals of Human Biology 20:239-259.

48. Deurenberg P, Pieters JJ, Hautvast JG. (1990) The assessment of the body fat percentage by skinfold thickness measurements in childhood and young adolescence. British Journal of Nutrition 63:293-303.

49. Samsudin. (1990) The age of menarche as related to physical growth of junior high school girls in Jakarta. Paediatrica Indonesiana 30:254-260.

50. Garcia Llop LA, Ramada Benedito A, Rodriguez-Estecha P. (1990) [Relationship between sexual maturation and subcutaneous fat]. Anales Espanoles de Pediatria 33:349-353.

51. Chaturvedi S, Kapil U, Bhanthi T, Gnanasekaran N, Pandey RM. (1994) Nutritional status of married adolescent girls in rural Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 61:695-701.

52. Leung SS, Lau JT, Xu YY, Tse LY, Huen KF, Wong GW, Law WY, Yeung VT, Yeung WK, Leung NK. (1996) Secular changes in standing height, sitting height and sexual maturation of Chinese-the Hong Kong Growth Study, 1993. Annals of Human Biology 23:297-306.

53. Simondon KB, Simon I, Simondon F. (1997) Nutritional status and age at menarche of Senegalese adolescents. Annals of Human Biology 24:521-532.

54. Hardoff D, Tamir A. (1993) Self-assessment of pubertal maturation in socially disadvantaged learning-disabled adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 14:398-400.

55. Duke PM, Litt IF, Gross RT. (1980) Adolescents' self-assessment of sexual maturation. Pediatrics 66:918-920.

56. Neinstein LS. (1982) Adolescent self-assessment of sexual maturation: reassessment and evaluation in a mixed ethnic urban population. Clinical Pediatrics 21:482-484.

57. Habicht JP, Martorell R, Yarbrough C, Malina RM, Klein RE. (1974) Height and weight standards for preschool children. How relevant are ethnic differences in growth potential? Lancet 1:611-614.

58. Norgan NG. (1994) Population differences in body composition in relation to the body mass index. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48(S3):S10-S25; discussion S26-S27.

59. Collins S, Myatt M, Duffield AE (2000) The assessment of adult nutritional status in emergency-affected populations. ACC/SCN, Geneva.

60. Omura M, Zinno S, Harada T, Inoue N. (1993) Evaluation of validity of five weight-height obesity indices. Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi. Fukuoka Acta Medica 84:305-310.

61. Foster TA, Voors AW, Webber LS, Frerichs RR, Berenson GS. (1977) Anthropometric and maturation measurements of children, ages 5 to 14 years, in a biracial community-the Bogalusa Heart Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 30:582-591.

62. Freedman DS, Perry G. Body composition and health status among children and adolescents. Preventive Medicine (in press).

63. Collins S, Myatt M. (2000) Short term prognosis in severe adult and adolescent malnutrition. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association (In press).

64. Ferro-Luzzi A, James WP. (1996) Adult malnutrition: simple assessment techniques for use in emergencies. British Journal of Nutrition 75:3-10.

65. James WP, Mascie-Taylor GC, Norgan NG, Bistrian BR, Shetty PS, Ferro-Luzzi A. (1994) The value of arm circumference measurements in assessing chronic energy deficiency in Third World adults. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48:883-894.

66. Strickland SS, Ulijaszek SJ. (1992) Energy nutrition of Iban in Song and Kanowit, February - April 1990. Sarawak Museum Journal 43:135-196.

67. Owa JA, Adejuyigbe O. (1997) Fat mass, fat mass percentage, body mass index, and mid-upper arm circumference in a healthy population of Nigerian children. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 43:13-19.

68. Toriola AL. (1990) Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status of Nigerian children. Tropical Geographical Medicine 42:337-341.

69. Qamra SR, Mehta S, Deodhar SD. (1990) Evaluation of anthropometric indices for the assessment of nutritional status in girls-III. Indian Pediatrics 27:1275-1279.

70. Spurr GB, Reina JC, Barac-Nieto M. (1983) Marginal malnutrition in school-aged Colombian boys: anthropometry and maturation. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 37:119-132.

71. Hussain A, Lindtjorn B, Kvale G. (1996) Protein energy malnutrition, vitamin A deficiency and night blindness in Bangladeshi children. Annnals of Tropical Paediatrics 16:319-325.

72. DHHS (1981) Basic data on anthropometric measurements and angular measurements of the hip and knee joints for selected age groups 1-74 years of age, United States, 1971-1975 U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources, Hyattsville, MD, USA.

73. Bishop CW, Pitchey SJ. (1987) Estimation of the mid-upper arm circumference measurement error. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 87:469-473.

74. Fuller NJ, Jebb SA, Goldberg GR, Pullicino E, Adams C, Cole TJ, Elia M. (1991) Inter-observer variability in the measurement of body composition. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 45:43-49.

75. Norgan NG, Jones PR. (1995) The effect of standardising the body mass index for relative sitting height. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 19:206-208.

76. Norgan NG. (1994) Relative sitting height and the interpretation of the body mass index. Annals of Human Biology 21:79-82.

77. Norgan NG. (1994) Interpretation of low body mass indices: Australian aborigines. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 94:229-237.

78. Malina RM. (1991) in Anthropometric Assessment of Nutritional Status, ed. Himes, JH. Wiley-Liss, Inc., New York, pp. 151-171.

79. Chamruengsri K, Kietduriyakul V, Pava-Ro U, Sapsamarnwong C, Chandumpai P. (1991) Nutritional status of low socioeconomic school children at Srakaew Temple, Ang Thong. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 74:24-29.

80. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. British Medical Journal 320:1240-1243.

81. Jeejeebhoy KN. (1994) How should we monitor nutritional support: structure or function? New Horizons 2:131-138.

82. Guo CB, Zhang W, Ma DQ, Zhang KH, Huang JQ. (1996) Hand grip strength: an indicator of nutritional state and the mix of postoperative complications in patients with oral and maxillofacial cancers. British Journal of Oraland Maxillofacial Surgery 34:325-327.

83. Benefice E, Fouere T, Malina RM. (1999) Early nutritional history and motor performance of Senegalese children, 4-6 years of age. Annals of Human Biology 26:443-455.

84. Shizgal HM, Vasilevsky CA, Gardiner PF, Wang WZ, Tuitt DA, Brabant GV. (1986) Nutritional assessment and skeletal muscle function. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 44:761-771.