|Refugee Nutrition Information System (RNIS), No. 14 - Report on the Nutrition Situation of Refugees and Displaced Populations (UNSSCN, 1996, 45 p.)|
|ASIA - Selected Situations|
(see Map 18)
There are approximately 90,000 Bhutanese refugees remaining in Nepal. Although there are currently no plans for repatriation, it is hoped that talks about a potential repatriation programme will resume in the near future. Crude mortality rates are very low, with high birth rates. Agreement to implement improved health (including family planning) services in 1996 has been reached [UNHCR 26/01/96].
The nutritional situation of these refugees remains adequate. A recent screening of children under five years old found only 1.3% levels of wasting (see Annex 1 18(a)). Cases of micro-nutrient deficiency diseases such as scurvy, angular stomatitis and beri-beri, are reportedly declining, and fortified blended foods, fresh vegetables and par boiled rice are now being distributed and are apparently well accepted amongst the refugee population. The incidence rate of ARI, which was recorded as high in the last RNIS report, is now decreasing [SCF 19/01/96, UNHCR 26/01/96].
Overall, this population is not currently considered to be at heightened nutritional risk (category I in Table 1).