|Refugee Nutrition Information System (RNIS), No. 14 - Report on the Nutrition Situation of Refugees and Displaced Populations (UNSSCN, 1996, 45 p.)|
|ASIA - Selected Situations|
(see Map 19)
There are approximately 50,000 refugees form Rakhine State, Myanmar in Bangladesh. Repatriation is continuing, but at a very slow rate. It is hoped that the repatriation process will pick up speed and that many of the refugees will have returned home by June 1996, before the monsoon season [UNHCR 26/01/96]. A recent survey found that overall levels of wasting were 9.5% with 0.2% severe wasting and/or oedema (see Annex 1 19(a)). This compares favourably with wasting rates of 15% amongst the local population. Crude mortality rates were recorded at 0.25/10,000/day (normal) while under-five mortality rates were 0.58/10,000/day (normal). Morbidity data indicates the existence of angular stomatitis (associated with deficiency of riboflavin) with crude incidence rates of 11/1,000/month and under-five rates of 4.8/1000/month [UNHCR 06/02/96].
Overall, despite low levels of wasting, this population is at high risk due to the presence of micronutrient deficiencies (category I in Table 1).