| Boiling Point No. 22 - August 1990 |
BP invites readers to send news of recent or of forthcoming events in their country. Books, manuals or other new stove publications for review are welcome.
Fuel Saving Stove - Newsletter, Beijing China
We welcome the appearance of the newsletter of the "China Centre of Rural Energy Research and Training" - No. 1 October 1989. The centre is the FWD focal point for China.
The 8 page newsletter looks at the problems of forestry, fuel saving, tea drying, stove promotion, stove factories and production in different localities of China. We look forward to reading about the improved biomass stove designs being promoted in China.
NCN Newsletter - Sudan
"National Cookstove Network" edited by Hussein Mohamed EISA of the Energy Regional Council of Sudan - Khartoum PO Box 4032.
This must win the prize for being the most tree friendly of all newsletters - 6 sides of 3" x 5". The September 1988 edition reports on the boiling water tests of various stoves and in particular on the ceramic liners used for the Thai bucket and the Sarour stove and the El Duya stove. We look forward to receiving future editions of the newsletter.
4 Million Improved Stoves in India !
Extracted from the 1989 Annual Report of CORT (Consortium on Rural Technologies), Delhi, India.
The National programme on Improved Cookstoves is more than five years old. More than four million stoves have already been installed in different parts of the country (rural as well as urban). At the NGO level, the CORT Consortium has implemented a number of programmes to disseminate cookstove technology all over the country. It is accepted that the cookstove programme has been able to create awareness amongst different sections of the people on the need to have Improved Cookstoves, but there are controversial reports on its impact amongst their users.
To continue NGO efforts on cookstove technology, the Consortium proposes to undertake a study to be conducted at the field level on the performance of improved cookstove technology in six different regions of the country. The study is envisaged as a co-ordinated effort between different research groups and field agencies. The methodology of the study would be essentially to involve and identify villages where the programme has been fairly successful and to select two groups of households:
1. Using improved Chulhas
2. Using traditional Chulhas
About 20 households in each group would be identified. The study is proposed to be conducted in Bihar, Tamilnadu, U.P. Hills, Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh.
The programme has already been designed, and about a dozen workers will be trained to carry it out. It is expected that the study report will be available in about 6 months time.
"Bois de Feu" Review
"Information'' the French language periodical of the Association Bois de Feu - has been replaced by "Bois de Feu et Energie". The December (No. 25) edition has a new style with a yellow cover and 32 pages with the theme of North Cameroun. The energy, fuel, and stove situation is dealt with in considerable detail. Wood is still the main fuel despite diminishing resources in these mountainous areas and the recommended stove is the one pot, ceramic, portable, chimneyless, multi - marmite and is used in Burkina Faso and Niger and described in Boiling Point No: 12, April 1987.
The inclusion of energy concerns in the scope of the "Association Bois de Feu" through its collaboration with the Comite Francais Contre la Famine is welcome and reflects the need for a larger focus of stove programmes for the third world.
Two Stove Evaluation Projects Underway
by Jamuna Ramakrisha, Research Fellow, East-West Centre, (EWC), Honolutu
Two separate projects have been initiated in the field of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of Improved Cookstove Programmes (ICPs).
1. GTZ/ITDG/FWD, in collaboration with local agencies, aims to: devise indicators and techniques for M & E, carry out field testing, finalise a simple and cost-effective M & E system and present the results in a manual for stove project workers. Their first workshop (23 - 27 July in Arusha, Tanzania) was attended by representatives from GTZ, ITDG, FOOD, EWC, and Bois-de-Feu.
2. The EWC/ESMAP/UNDP project on improved cookstove programme evaluation held its initial planning meeting 18-22 June at ESMAP offices in Washington DC. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss and decide project objectives and a work plans as well as to draw upon local expertise on ICP's.
The nine month long project will have three outputs: a review of ICP's, a draft methodology for the evaluation of ICP's and suggestions for future action.
To accomplish its global review, the project will examine previous 'spot' evaluations, reports and documents, interview report preparers and send out questionnaires to individuals and organisations implementing ICP's seeking information and opinions.
This review will provide the basis for the development of evaluation criteria. These preliminary criteria will be tested at three field sites (yet to be finalized) later this fall. Experience gained during these trials will guide the redrafting of these criteria. The revised methodology will be circulated to the stove community for review towards the end of the year before it is finalized by the project team.
Please complete the questionnaires and return them! If you do not receive the mailing through some unintended oversight, please contact the project at EAPI, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu Hawaii 96848, USA. Thank you!
Nordic Seminar on Domestic Energy at LCHS
by Maria Nystrom, Head of Lund Centre for Habitat Studies
The Nordic Seminar on Domestic Energy in Developing Countries was held in September 1989, at the University of Lund. The seminar was hosted by the Lund Centre for Habitat Studies (LCHS). LCHS is a research body within the school of architecture. The aims of LCHS are to initiate and support research on housing and construction in developing countries at the Schools of Civil Engineering and Architecture as well as to carry out research which is not covered by other departments. LCHS acts mainly in two major domains, i.e. household energy related to housing design and construction related to climate and resource saving methods. The seminar concentrated on the following three main issues:
• what are the objectives for improved stove projects, which are most important, for whom, and to what extent do they overlap and interact?
• macro and micro strategies can be identified as two approaches to stove problems. The macro strategy looks at energy, most often fuelwood production, but also other energy sources, while the micro strategy considers the demand side or household side. How can the strategies interact?
• which methods can be used at the two strategy levels, and how can a project be designed to integrate different methods?
The opening lectures were given by Ms Madhu Sarin, an architect from near New Delhi, India and Mr Waclaw Micuta, the President of Renewable Energy Development Institute (REDI), Switzerland, who represent the two extremes - a total developmental approach and a technical perspective.
Around 50 people took part in the seminar and different speakers gave their views on third world domestic energy; as donors, fieldworkers or researchers. The World Bank, FAO/Rome, Foundation for Woodstove Dissemination (FWD), United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) were represented.
Home Sweet Home?
One finding of the seminar was that activities in the field of third world domestic energy are few and far between in the Nordic countries. Major emphasis has been on environmental issues. The fuel demand side must be considered, i.e. how it affects family members, especially women who are responsible for the main part of housework. One group concluded that domestic energy corresponds to the following equation:
LIFE = ENERGY = WORK = WOMEN.
Concerning the supply and demand side of domestic energy, the following was said about woodfuel: "It is not only a question of diminishing natural resources, it is also a question of access, management and allocation. This is in particular true for urban areas."
How to get Basic Knowledge from the Household Level?
An extension of information exchange is needed on different levels, from family level to policy level and between different actors as NGO's, donors, researchers and concerned people. Training of the younger generation should be given more attention and schools can play an important role.
It was pointed out during the seminar that household energy and improved stoves should receive more attention in urban areas. The shortage of fuel is an immense problem in the growing cities and dense agglomerations might be an auspicious milieu in which to introduce changes rather than the rural areas. So far most stove projects have been carried out in rural areas where they have often met resistance.
The Seminar Report can be ordered from LCHS, Lund Centre for Habitat Studies, Lund University, Box 118, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
Price. 10 US$ Tel: 009 46 46 109761 (Ms Yiva Silverbern)
Fax: 009 46 46 104545
Telex: 8305203 LUBUILDS