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close this book Boiling Point No. 30 - April 1993
View the document Sales & Subsidies
View the document Why Commercialization for Stoves ?
View the document Report of the International Seminar on Stove Commercialization
View the document Commercial Marketing for the Indian NPIC- National Programme on Improved Chulhas
View the document A Commercial Drop in an Ocean of Subsidy
View the document Commercialization of Kenya's Rural Stove Programme
View the document Ahibenso - The Improved Ghana Coalpot
View the document Cooking Stoves for Commercial, Sustainable Production & Dissemination in Africa
View the document Poor Project Planning & Unsuitable Stoves
View the document Chulhas for Tibetan, Communities in India
View the document GTZ Section
View the document Stove Dissemination in China
View the document Stove Designing For Successful Marketing
View the document Practical Tips for a Marketing Strategy
View the document ESMAP in the 1990s
View the document Fiji Woodburning Stoves
View the document The Health Impacts of Biomass & Coal Smoke in Africa
View the document Smoke Gets in your Eyes-and Forms Cataracts
View the document NEWS

Stove Dissemination in China

by Lui Hongpeng, Engineer, Project Officer of Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection, Ministry of Agriculture, CHINA

By the end of 1990, the Chinese government had selected 786 pilot counties, one third of the whole country, to popularize the improved stoves. 129 million improved stoves were built - that means nearly 58% of rural households had new stoves to cook on and 18 million rural households own the commercialized stoves.

Commercialized stoves means that the whole or parts of improved stoves are made in factories and sold in shops. Since 1988, the Chinese government has supplemented by 50% the stoves commercialization proportion in its National Improved Stoves Pilot County Evaluation Criteria (formulated by the Ministry of Agriculture), in order to promote quality and high efficiency as well as strengthen the results of stoves dissemination. Thus, stoves commercialization has gained great attention and developed rapidly.

Institutions and organizations at different levels began to research and produce various stoves to suit the different cooking/food habits in rural households. Some of these were welcomed by farmers and country Rural Energy Extension Offices - responsible for improved stove promotion. For instance, the NG-I/NG-II firewood saving stoves which could be installed by mould. A national centre (NTC) was set up by the Ministry of Agriculture in 1990 to test the efficiency and quality of firewood and coal saving stoves for rural households.

Improved Stoves Commercialized Constraints

Although the Chinese government subsidized the National Improved Stoves Pilot County for demonstration and technical training, most rural households still cannot afford the new stoves for the following reasons:

• Higher prices The average pace of improved stoves in the markets is 150 yuan (1U$=5.8 yuan). Some stoves with multi-functions are from 30010 500 yuan even to 1,000 yuan. This would be accepted by fanners in coastal areas and suburbs, but not in middle and western where the income of farmers is less than 300 yuan.

• Lack of coordination of production, supply and sale The improved stoves manufacturing is a new industry, still lacking techniques and financial support. In addition, there are some different customs from place to place, especially in China with about 1 billion population in rural areas. Retail sellers know little about the distribution structures and cannot react quickly when users have trouble with their stoves.

• Transportation Most of the stoves are heavy and large and easily damaged and so are difficult to transport long distances. Generally, the distribution network for a factory is about 50 to 100km.