Cover Image
close this book Boiling Point No. 08 - December 1985
View the document EDITORIAL
View the document KANINI KEGA The Small and Beautiful Stove
View the document No More Forests To Burn
View the document The "MIHA" Metal Brazier
View the document TECH AND TOOLS
View the document Training Women as Trainers: The Nada Chula Programme
View the document Handicapped Workers Build Stoves in Mali
View the document Mud Stoves in Somalia
View the document NEWS
Open this folder and view contents REVIEWS AND SUMMARIES
View the document Sheet Metal Working Machines


Nairobi Conference: Are things Hottinq Up?

July 1985 marked the end of the Womens Decade with a massive meeting in Nairobi. Women and appropriate technology were given a high profile through 'Tech and Tools' - an appropriate technology event for women. The slogan popularised at Tech and Tools was "If It's Not Appropriate For Women It's Not Appropriate". This certainly reflects the growing confidence of women's organisations within the AT movement. The focus of this issue of 'Boiling Point' is on women's involvement in all aspects of stove development women researching and developing stoves, making and selling, training, cooking, and writing about their experiences. The satirical cartoon depiction on the back cover is still largely applicable to the position of most women in stove programmes but on the other hand there are an encouraging number of projects where the needs and aspirations of women are becoming better understood and the skills and

Editors :

Simon Burne


Yvonne Shanahan

Assisted by :

Ian Grant

Production :

Zelma Clarke


Jackie Barley Ann Ward

Assisted by:

Jane Swinton


Waclaw Micuta


Ian Grant


Maria P. Grech


Nick Webber


Nicolette Burford


Vivienne Abbott

Boiling Point' is the newsletter of the Intermediate Technology Group Stoves Project. Contributions are welcome in the form of articles of not more than 700 words with line drawings, simple graphs, etc. where appropriate. All correspondence should be addressed to: 'Boiling Point', ITDG Stoves Project, Myson House, Railway Terrace, Rugby, Harks. CV21< 3HT.

Opinions expressed in contributory articles are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the ITDG Stoves Project.

(Readers wishing to enter into correspondence with any of the authors may obtain full postal addresses from the Soves Project address given opposite) knowledge of women developed to enable their greater participation in all aspects of developing a hefter stove and kitchen environment.


Relatively recently the advent of improved pottery and metal stoves highlighted the absence or restriction of women from the central and often lucrative role of stove production. In the rural potteries of many countries women have been traditionally involved in the production of household goods including, in some instances, cooking stoves. But even in theses cases, women are not necessarily guaranteed the central role in the production of a new stove. For example, in the Hambantota district of Sri Lanka there are more women potters than men and yet out of 34 potters re-trained as stove makers only six of these were women.


The reason given was that women are less mobile (or rather cannot leave their responsibilities at home) in order to attend a ,training course. The reason is deceptively 'logical'; the implications are considerable. The long term role and productive economic status women in potteries is alread threatened by the relentles substitution of plastic and chea metal utensils in the household the failure to include women potters in new stove projects on accelerates their decline in economic activity. Marilyn Carry book, 'Blacksmith, Baker, Roofin Sheet Maker' reinforces this viewpoint with many other cas references and equally illustrate how keen and able women are learn, given a fair opportunity.


Comments and more examples articles and news of women becoming actively involved in production would be greatly appreciated.

One of the interesting point demonstrated at Tech and Tool was the critical interactiv between stoves, food processing al income generation. The potential beneficial links are becoming ve apparent between improved stove and energy intensive activities income generation such as baking brewing, par-boiling, smoking drying and cooked food for sale Developing special stoves to he provide or maintain incomes for women to use either individually in groups may, in the long tern benefit their environment too if link is forged between fuelwood us and income-generation activities that people can see the direr benefits of investing in planting schemes.