| Boiling Point No. 32 - January 1994 |
The World Bank view from ASTAE,the World Bank's Asia Alternative Energy Unit
ASTAE participates in alternative energy-sector work, identifies and prepares components for Bank projects, designs and implements training in energy efficiency and renewable energy options, helps formulate alternative energy policies; and strengthens institutional capabilities, collaborates with donor agencies, and mobilizes technical assistance funds in support of its work programme.
Alternative energy technologies can satisfy thermal power and load reduction needs for a wide range of residential, commercial, institutional, small industry, tourist, and transportation applications.
Renewable-energy technologies include: biomass, micro-hydro, photovoltaic, small geothermal, solar thermal, and wind-energy systems.
Energy-efflciency products and measures include: more efficient lighting, occupancy sensors, motors, appliances, building materials, heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), water heating, and energy-management systems that can reduce energy consumption while providing equivalent or greater levels of service.
FECT- Fuel-saving technologies project in Pakistan German technical and financial support to Pakistan, in the field of household-energy conservation, began in November 1984, with the GTZ UNHCR collaboration. It is aimed at contributing to the solution of problems arising from the excessive consumption of wood for household use, by the millions of Afghan refugees living in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP).
It became apparent that the Pakistani population in the area was also being affected adversely by the rapid reduction in the supply of fuelwood, and by increasing costs and workloads. These conditions forced people to use inferior fuels such as dung and crop residues. The women's health suffered greatly from the increased exposure to smoke, as they were spending longer hours cooking. The fuel-cost rises resulted invariably in a reduction in spending on education and nutritious diets, especially for children. Environmental degradation, floods, and soil erosion due to the rapid depletion of forests, resulted in a further deterioration of the quality of life, particularly in the rural areas.
The Pakistan-German Fuel-Efficient Cooking Technologies Project (FECT) came into being in January 1990, and will continue until 31 December 1995.
The overall goal of the project is to raise general public awareness of the environment and energy-saving, and to contribute significantly to the improvement of the energy situation in the selected target areas of the NWFP and other regions of Pakistan. The specific goals of FECT are:
-developing existing fuel-saving technologies including clay stoves;
-developing new prototypes according to the requirements and wishes of the community;
-identifying, selecting, and training the producers and organizations involved in the promotion and dissemination of fuel-saving technologies;
-developing a production and training system without heavy involvement of the project, to integrate fuel-saving technologies in the traditional market;
-developing an overall strategy for an environmental programme related to fuel-saving technologies;
-developing a network for the integration of fuel-saving technologies and issues to raise environmental awareness.
The multipot stove
The multipot stove (MPS) is the main product of the project. A metal cooking stove, the MPS was developed by the project in 1989.
The model 'O' multipot stove is made from mild-steel sheet. The fire box, or combustion
- chamber, of the stove is a simple cylinder with a grate at the bottom. It has an ash-hole and a front door for fuel.
The upper, conical part of the stove causes the flames from the combustion chamber to converge around the pot, and three pot-supports on the conical part maintain a uniform gap between the pot and the stove to emit the exhaust gases.
The conical shape of the stove allows it to be used for different pot-sizes. Three small metal bars or pot-holders are provided to hold very small pots.
The total height of the stove is 21cm. The construction does not require sophisticated tools; it takes a skilled metalworker about 75 minutes to make one multipot stove which costs around Rs.55, and does not require sophisticated tools.
Targets to be reached by 31 December 1995
45000 stoves to be disseminated by the end of 1995 in the area of concentration, on a sustainable basis.
FECT achievements 1990-2
-88 villages reached;
-43,000 households reached through environment-awareness-ralslng programmes;
40000 improved multipot stoves disseminated through independent producers;
203 improved bakeries established (this programme was suspended in March 1992);
300 selling points established
50 training courses/seminars/workshops organized by the project;
20000 saplings distributed to encourage household nurseries.
As we go to press, 40 Pakistani employees have been appointed in various capacities to carry out the project activities.
The FECT newsletter Sabz Wadi is now produced regularly.
Contact FECT at:
PO Box 896, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Tel: +521 840511/45387 Fax: +521 841271.