| Boiling Point No. 02 - May 1982 |
Over the past three years, a great deal of information and knowledge has been gained on the theory and practice of stove design and testing. However, very little is known on methods for widespread dissemination of stoves. If the deforestation problem is to be tackled quickly it will be necessary to introduce at least 10,000,000 stoves into Africa alone in the next 10 - 20 years. Greater efforts are needed now to collate the existing experiences of stove extension, and from them to develop models to assist the increasing number of people planning and implementing stove programmes.
During the Woodstoves Meeting in Leuven, Belgium, 4-5th March, this problem was considered by people involved in stove programmes. The proceedings of this meeting will be published in the near future and will be available from the Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven. We would like to maintain this interest in stove dissemination by devoting an entire future issue of "Boiling Point" to this subject.
ITDG has identified the following as some of the factors which influence the adoption of new stoves:
Technical attributes of the new stove: e.g. does it use less wood; is it portable or fixed; is it to be made by the user or an artisan; can it be mass produced?
Methods of its generation and development: e.g. did the stove programme arise from expressed needs of villagers or urban people; from perceived needs of government officials or donors?
Economic Cost/Benefits, financial or non-financial e.g. labour or time; direct or indirect e.g. needing new cooking pots to fit a new stove; the time over which costs are incurred, or benefits realised.
Rural/urban infrastructure:e.g. can stoves be transported; are there artisans who can produce the stove?
Needs, attitudes and personality traits of individual adopters e.g. perceived fuelwood shortage.
Overall social structure: who controls the money and makes decision to purchase or construct a stove.
We would like to hear of the experience of other people and their analysis of the factors that affect the dissemination of stoves. We would welcome case studies and/or theoretical contributions for publication in "Boiling Point"
Jaz Gill, J. Bialy
Peter Dunn, Norman Joyce
Artwork: Jenny Trussell
Production Co-ordinator: Karen Mallik
"Boiling Point" is the newsletter of the I.T.D.G. Stoves Project and appears three times a year. Contributions in the form of articles of about 700 words would be welcome, and where appropriate line drawings and simple graphs etc.