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close this book Animal traction
View the document About this manual
View the document About the author
View the document Acknowledgments
Open this folder and view contents 1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents 2. Draft animal selection
Open this folder and view contents 3. Animal husbandry
Open this folder and view contents 4. Training draft animals
Open this folder and view contents 5. Yokes and harnesses
Open this folder and view contents 6. Hitches
View the document 7. Field operations and implements
Open this folder and view contents 8. Economic and technical assistance
Open this folder and view contents 9. Animal traction extension
View the document Appendix A: Animal power
Open this folder and view contents Appendix B: Animal nutrition
Open this folder and view contents Appendix C: Disease recognition and control
View the document Appendix D: Workshop and spare parts inventory
View the document Appendix E: Animal traction instruction forms
View the document Appendix F: Animal breeds used for power
View the document Bibliography
View the document Resources
View the document GIossary

Appendix D: Workshop and spare parts inventory

It is important for animal traction workers to keep an inventory of tools and parts which can be used to show farmers, local craftsmen and agricultural extension agents how to maintain, repair, and in some cases build essential equipment. Once farmers have seen the need for these tools and parts, workers should encourage them to cooperatively purchase and manage the inventory. They should also help artisans learn to build yokes, line tracers, and basic harness equipment that farmers cannot make alone. In some instances, animal traction workers may be able to help the artisans acquire tools or special training through the projects.

A. Basic Tool List

metric tape measure


saws: one wood (crosscut saw); one metal (hacksaw w/spare blades)

files: one coarse wood; one medium metal; one triangular file for sharpening saw

wood chisel

draw knife

Exacto knife and spare blades adjustable wrenches (2)

pliers (with wire cutter)

leather punch or awl


crow bar

large clamps (2)

one bit brace (ratchet type hand drill 2/assorted bits)


B. Supplementary Tools and Supplies

oilstone (for sharpening knives, chisel)



nails (assorted)

glue (wood)

cotter pins

12 mm round iron (for making yoke bows and clevises, hooks, line tracer and/or harrow teeth)

hoof pick

curry comb

hard brush

first aid kit containing:


sterile gauze and cotton


antibiotic powder

antibiotic cream

razor blades

snakebite kit syringe and needles antibiotics

C. Plowframe-Related Equipment and Spare Parts

nuts and bolts (sizes stocked according to plowframe specifications)


plowframe wheels

plowframe wheel axles

tempered plowshares

tempered sweeps (various sizes)

ridger points

landside heels

plow handles


If rubber-tired carts or wagons are used, the following additional equipment should be stocked:


tire rims



grease (for repacking wheel bearings)

patch and glue kits

tire irons

Demostration Equipment

Animal traction workers located in villages or areas where animal traction has not been previously introduced may need animals, harness, and field equipment for demonstrations.

Basic Demonstration Unit

one pair of three-year-old oxen

halters (2)

running Wharness (2)

plow yoke (double)

weeding yoke (double)

weeding yoke for single animal

line tracer

plowframe plowframe attachments including:

moldboard plow

weeding sweep or 5-tine cultivator