Cover Image
close this book Animal traction
View the document About this manual
View the document About the author
View the document Acknowledgments
close this folder 1. Introduction
View the document What is animal traction?
View the document History of animal traction
View the document Why use animal traction?
View the document Some considerations
View the document How can animal traction be used?
View the document Before beginning: what do you need to know?
close this folder 2. Draft animal selection
View the document Popular draft animals
View the document Determining power requirements
View the document General rules concerning power requirements
View the document Method for determining size of the hitch
View the document Determining weights of animals
View the document Selection of individual draft animals
View the document Conformation
View the document Temperament
close this folder 3. Animal husbandry
View the document Sheller
View the document Nutrition
View the document Grooming
View the document Minor medical problems and first aid
close this folder 4. Training draft animals
View the document Before training begins
View the document General comments on training procedure
View the document Training cattle
View the document Program for training cattle
View the document Training horses, donkeys and mules
View the document Program for training horses, donkeys and mules
close this folder 5. Yokes and harnesses
View the document Yokes and harnesses for cattle
View the document Yokes and harnesses for horses, donkeys and mules
View the document How to harness a horse, donkey or mule
View the document Steering systems
View the document Breeching harness
close this folder 6. Hitches
View the document Safety rules
View the document Implement hitches
View the document Vehicle hitches
View the document 7. Field operations and implements
close this folder 8. Economic and technical assistance
View the document Farm planning assistance
View the document Equipment options
View the document Credit for equipment
View the document Credit for animals
View the document Procedures and controls
close this folder 9. Animal traction extension
View the document Extension education
View the document Appendix A: Animal power
close this folder Appendix B: Animal nutrition
View the document Energy needs: bovine animals
View the document Energy needs: equine animals
View the document Nutrient needs of draft animals: protein, minerals, vitamins
View the document Feeds and feed composition
View the document Calculating a ration
View the document Recommended rations and feeding practices
close this folder Appendix C: Disease recognition and control
View the document Parasites and parasitic disease
View the document Appendix D: Workshop and spare parts inventory
View the document Appendix E: Animal traction instruction forms
View the document Appendix F: Animal breeds used for power
View the document Bibliography
View the document Resources
View the document GIossary

Appendix D: Workshop and spare parts inventory

It is important for animal traction workers to keep an inventory of tools and parts which can be used to show farmers, local craftsmen and agricultural extension agents how to maintain, repair, and in some cases build essential equipment. Once farmers have seen the need for these tools and parts, workers should encourage them to cooperatively purchase and manage the inventory. They should also help artisans learn to build yokes, line tracers, and basic harness equipment that farmers cannot make alone. In some instances, animal traction workers may be able to help the artisans acquire tools or special training through the projects.

A. Basic Tool List

metric tape measure

hammer

saws: one wood (crosscut saw); one metal (hacksaw w/spare blades)

files: one coarse wood; one medium metal; one triangular file for sharpening saw

wood chisel

draw knife

Exacto knife and spare blades adjustable wrenches (2)

pliers (with wire cutter)

leather punch or awl

machete

crow bar

large clamps (2)

one bit brace (ratchet type hand drill 2/assorted bits)

 

B. Supplementary Tools and Supplies

oilstone (for sharpening knives, chisel)

rope

wire

nails (assorted)

glue (wood)

cotter pins

12 mm round iron (for making yoke bows and clevises, hooks, line tracer and/or harrow teeth)

hoof pick

curry comb

hard brush

first aid kit containing:

disinfectant

sterile gauze and cotton

tape

antibiotic powder

antibiotic cream

razor blades

snakebite kit syringe and needles antibiotics

C. Plowframe-Related Equipment and Spare Parts

nuts and bolts (sizes stocked according to plowframe specifications)

wrenches

plowframe wheels

plowframe wheel axles

tempered plowshares

tempered sweeps (various sizes)

ridger points

landside heels

plow handles

chain

If rubber-tired carts or wagons are used, the following additional equipment should be stocked:

tires

tire rims

tubes

valves

grease (for repacking wheel bearings)

patch and glue kits

tire irons

Demostration Equipment

Animal traction workers located in villages or areas where animal traction has not been previously introduced may need animals, harness, and field equipment for demonstrations.

Basic Demonstration Unit

one pair of three-year-old oxen

halters (2)

running Wharness (2)

plow yoke (double)

weeding yoke (double)

weeding yoke for single animal

line tracer

plowframe plowframe attachments including:

moldboard plow

weeding sweep or 5-tine cultivator

ridger