Cover Image
close this book Animal traction
View the document About this manual
View the document About the author
View the document Acknowledgments
close this folder 1. Introduction
View the document What is animal traction?
View the document History of animal traction
View the document Why use animal traction?
View the document Some considerations
View the document How can animal traction be used?
View the document Before beginning: what do you need to know?
close this folder 2. Draft animal selection
View the document Popular draft animals
View the document Determining power requirements
View the document General rules concerning power requirements
View the document Method for determining size of the hitch
View the document Determining weights of animals
View the document Selection of individual draft animals
View the document Conformation
View the document Temperament
close this folder 3. Animal husbandry
View the document Sheller
View the document Nutrition
View the document Grooming
View the document Minor medical problems and first aid
close this folder 4. Training draft animals
View the document Before training begins
View the document General comments on training procedure
View the document Training cattle
View the document Program for training cattle
View the document Training horses, donkeys and mules
View the document Program for training horses, donkeys and mules
close this folder 5. Yokes and harnesses
View the document Yokes and harnesses for cattle
View the document Yokes and harnesses for horses, donkeys and mules
View the document How to harness a horse, donkey or mule
View the document Steering systems
View the document Breeching harness
close this folder 6. Hitches
View the document Safety rules
View the document Implement hitches
View the document Vehicle hitches
View the document 7. Field operations and implements
close this folder 8. Economic and technical assistance
View the document Farm planning assistance
View the document Equipment options
View the document Credit for equipment
View the document Credit for animals
View the document Procedures and controls
close this folder 9. Animal traction extension
View the document Extension education
View the document Appendix A: Animal power
close this folder Appendix B: Animal nutrition
View the document Energy needs: bovine animals
View the document Energy needs: equine animals
View the document Nutrient needs of draft animals: protein, minerals, vitamins
View the document Feeds and feed composition
View the document Calculating a ration
View the document Recommended rations and feeding practices
close this folder Appendix C: Disease recognition and control
View the document Parasites and parasitic disease
View the document Appendix D: Workshop and spare parts inventory
View the document Appendix E: Animal traction instruction forms
View the document Appendix F: Animal breeds used for power
View the document Bibliography
View the document Resources
View the document GIossary

Procedures and controls

The credit officers or supervisors cooperating with animal traction personnel may perform these duties:

• Identify credit candidates and fill out application forms. The application includes information on the size and status of the farmer's operation and his or her ability to meet preconditions of the loan.

• Write the contract. The farmer, credit officer (or extension agent acting as credit officer) and national project organization each receive a copy. The animal traction agent may serve as witness to signing of the contract.

• Visit farms and ensure that preconditions of the loan are met and maintained through the life of the contract; that is, that animal shelter, vaccination schedule, equipment care, and the clinic and meeting attendance requirements are met.

• Collect annual payments on loan and insurance premiums; write yearly report/summary.

• Handle all defaults, foreclosures, repossessions, deferrals, rebates, and late payments.

In addition, the officers may order and deliver equipment; help organize training clinics for farmers, artisans, agricultural and veterinary personnel; and establish credit for animal traction farmer associations. Associations with common funds may be awarded credit to buy material stocks; in some cases the size of the common fund may determine the amount or terms of individual credit extended to members. Credit officers may report or review the effectiveness of agents or agencies supporting borrowers.

When Credit Is Not Available

Animal traction can be economically feasible even when credit is not available. For example, some farmers may be able to use their equipment to do contract work. A person who owns just a moldboard plow or a ridgeplow can use it to maintain rather than expand present operations, and then rent out services to other farmers. A farmer who can purchase a locallymade wagon can begin to pay for other equipment by selling transportation. Such possibilities can and should be pointed out to people with limited interest in animal traction and to those who do not qualify for a credit package, but who can afford a wagon or a simple plow.