|Emergency Management (United Nations Children's Fund, 390 p.)|
- be aware of health needs, particularly of children and mothers that arise in different emergency situations
- identify priority needs that must be addressed and kinds of UNICEF responses which might be appropriate
- understand the role of other agencies (especially WHO), governmental and international, and the fields of their intervention in health in emergency situations
- link any health intervention in emergencies to primary health care programmes in the country
1. possible problems/needs:
a) inadequacy of basic health services
b) inadequate availability of drugs
c) outbreak of specific communicable disease
d) casualties requiring treatment
2. causes of health services disruption and shortages of supplies: destruction, loss of staff, logistics, funds, etc.
a) to save lives
b) preserve health of survivors
c) prevent/mitigate outbreaks of disease
4. Response must emphasize:
a) preventive and control measures
b) assure necessary food, water, hygiene and environmental - sanitation
c) re-establish and strengthen pre-existing services and Primary Health Care
d) institute epidemiological surveillance
5. Specific objectives and possible programmes for UNICEF's interventions
6. Epidemiology of disasters - man-made and natural - in terms of needs
7. Actions for given needs and possible UNICEF inputs (immunization/ORS)
8. Pitfalls/lessons learned in health operations -set-packing/D-I-K, etc.
9. Focus on displaced/refugee needs - psycho-social
10. Preventive preparedness measure in health as part of long-term programme
11. Similarities and differences between emergency and long-term actions/interventions
12. Institutional capacity building of governments and training
13. Relief and rehabilitation
Possible Learning Methods
- Presentation and discussion of a case study
- Group Exercises
1) Disasters do not generate "new" diseases but may increase transmission of diseases. Give examples and explain the causes of the increase of common diseases.
2) How feasible is it to link intervention in the health sector with other interventions in nutrition and water supply. Give other examples from your own experience.
- UNICEF Field Manual, Book E, Chapter 6. Section 3
- UNICEF, "Assisting in Emergencies", Chapter 9
- UNICEF, "Assisting in Emergencies". Annex 8-15
- WHO, Emergency Health Kit
Speakers' Preparation Aids
- UNICEF Field Manual, Book E, Chapter 6, Section 3
- Steps in the Development of Health Programmes for Displaced Populations
- Transparencies: Epidemiology of Natural Disasters
TITLE: Steps in the Development of Health Programmes for
AUTHOR: Disaster Management Center/John Seaman
STEPS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH PROGRAMMES FOR DISPLACED POPULATIONS
USE OF INFORMATION
* size and location of population
* vitamin A distribution
* monitoring changes in disease
* development of community health programs
* surveys of specific diseases e.g. tuberculosis
* planning control programs
* development of PHC program
DAILY EVALUATION FORM
1. In your view, what were the key points learned in this session?
2. Comment on the application of these within UNICEF and your situation.
3. Suggest any additional critical points that should have been covered.
4. Do you have comments on the suggested reading?
Suggest any additional information sources for sessions of the day.
5. Comment on the learning methodology (lectures, group work, films) used in the session.