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close this bookEmergency Management (United Nations Children's Fund, 390 p.)
close this folderWorkshop Session
View the documentSession 0: Opening Session
View the documentSession 1: Course Introduction*
View the documentSession 2: Perceptions of Emergencies
View the documentSession 3: Simulation*
View the documentSession 4: Principles of Emergency Management
View the documentSession 5: Early Warning & Pre-Disaster Planning
View the documentSession 6: Assessment
View the documentSession 7: Programme Planning
View the documentSession 8: Water & Sanitation
View the documentSession 9: Health
View the documentSession 10: Food and Nutrition
View the documentSession 11: Media Relations
View the documentSession 12: Supply and Logistics
View the documentSession 13: Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances
View the documentSession 14: International Relief System
View the documentSession 15: Funding
View the documentSession 16: Key Operating Procedures
View the documentSession 17: Applications of Emergency Manual and Handbook
View the documentSession 18: Training of Trainers

Session 17: Applications of Emergency Manual and Handbook

Learning Objectives

- To demonstrate the usefulness and limitations of the Emergency Field Manual and Handbook in addressing policy and operational issues of emergency operations.

- To enable participants to understand the process of making decisions in the absence of clear or detailed guidelines in the Manual and Handbook.

- To list recommendations and suggestions for the improvement of the above documents.

Learning Methods

- Introduce subject and explain the objectives of the exercise below.

- Divide participants into four groups to answer the following questions (two questions per group) and then report to plenary with their findings.

- The session moderator should highlight the points of agreement/disagreement and suggestions made as regards the manual and handbook.


1. Does the Field Manual give sufficient "incentives" to the UNICEF country office to develop and/or follow-up with the parties concerned an early warning contingency system to prevent and/or limit the effects on children and mothers of possible emergencies.

If yes, please indicate where and your interpretation.

2. Let us suppose that a medium size emergency (i.e. 50,000 severely affected children and mothers) has developed suddenly and requires immediate action within 48 hours, e.e. local purchase of materials for a value of US$ 100,000. It is not possible to divert materials from regular programmes.

Would the Country office be in a position to respond to such need in time?

If yes, how? Does the Field Manual indicate how?

3. A larger size emergency (i.e. 250,000 severely affected children and mothers) has developed. Neither UNDP/UNDRO/WFP/RED CROSS have shown much concern about it and it is not well known outside the Country. However, the Government made an unofficial request to UNICEF for assistance amounting to US$ 500,000 for some materials and expertise not available within the Country Office/Government. The lead time for response is four weeks and the Emergency Reserve Fund is not in a position to release more than US$ 75,000.

How does the Field Manual address this issue?

4. The Country Office is fully engaged in regular immunization and ORT programmes with Government to save a substantial number of lives which have been estimated at 20,000 (for immunization) and 75,000 (for diarrhoea) each year.

With only three Programme Officers, little else can be done by UNICEF. An emergency has developed suddenly in one area threatening the lives of 10,000 children and mothers "only" and requiring UNICEF intervention in Water and Sanitation and Child Feeding Programme for a period of six months followed by a rehabilitation programme. Other agencies have not shown much interest. The starting of operation is expected within 15 days by the Government.

5. A particular Country has been affected by civil war for more than ten years. Between 500,000 and 1,000,000 people are continuing to be severely affected. A substantial percentage are women and children. Rehabilitation is partially successful. What is needed is mostly relief type of operation to keep people alive. Donors and other agencies are tired of this endless emergency and noted funds are only meeting 20 per cent of UNICEF requirements for the activities it supports

How does the Field Manual answer this problem?

6. For quite a few years now, UNICEF HQ emphasized Child Survival in Silent Emergencies and seems to have toned down Child Survival in loud Emergencies.

Is the Field Manual sufficiently clear as to what are the priorities?

7. The Field Manual mentioned UNDRO as a specialized Agency for Disasters. Following your opinion, is UNDRO capable to play its role of co-ordinator and, if not, what should be its role?

8. Are there other aspects of the Field Manual on Emergency that you would like to be clarified/amended?


Day _______________
Session ____________

1. In your view, what were the key points learned in this session?

2. Comment on the application of these within UNICEF and your situation.

3. Suggest any additional critical points that should have been covered.

4. Do you have comments on the suggested reading?

Suggest any additional information sources for sessions of the day.
Case Studies:

5. Comment on the learning methodology (lectures, group work, films) used in the session.