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close this bookEmergency Management (United Nations Children's Fund, 390 p.)
close this folderWorkshop Session
View the documentSession 0: Opening Session
View the documentSession 1: Course Introduction*
View the documentSession 2: Perceptions of Emergencies
View the documentSession 3: Simulation*
View the documentSession 4: Principles of Emergency Management
View the documentSession 5: Early Warning & Pre-Disaster Planning
View the documentSession 6: Assessment
View the documentSession 7: Programme Planning
View the documentSession 8: Water & Sanitation
View the documentSession 9: Health
View the documentSession 10: Food and Nutrition
View the documentSession 11: Media Relations
View the documentSession 12: Supply and Logistics
View the documentSession 13: Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances
View the documentSession 14: International Relief System
View the documentSession 15: Funding
View the documentSession 16: Key Operating Procedures
View the documentSession 17: Applications of Emergency Manual and Handbook
View the documentSession 18: Training of Trainers

Session 18: Training of Trainers

Learning Objectives

To enable participants to acquire basic skills in planning and conducting "mini workshops" in emergency operations for staff in their offices. By the end of the session, the participants should be able to:

- adapt the general objectives of the workshop and the objectives of individual sessions to meet the training needs in their offices.

- differentiate between various training methods and in what situation they can be best used.

- select and or condense lesson plans from the training package for their training "event".

- list necessary administrative steps for planning and organizing a training event.

Learning points

1. General introduction to training: definition, need for training, alternatives to training.

2. Identification of emergency training needs in country offices: who needs to be trained, why, when and how.

3. Curriculum: what should the curriculum include:

a) Objectives of the course and content outline

b) The general methods which will be used to train the staff members in order to reach the above objectives

c) Timetable

d) The methods to be used to evaluate the course

4. Lesson plans: what they are, why they are needed, how to adapt the existing lesson plans of this workshop for use in the training or sharing the information with other staff in the country office.

5. Introduction to teaching/learning methods:

- What are the teaching methods and how to select the most appropriate one
- Learning principles: How do adults learn best
- Teaching techniques: Role of the trainer, presentation skills, use of audiovisual aids

6. Setting and maintaining a learning climate: venue, timing, comfort, facilities, seating arrangements, providing refreshments, avoid participants' resistance, etc.

7. Evaluation of training:

- Purpose of evaluation
- What to evaluate
- Instruments of evaluation

8. Administrative steps in planning and organizing a training event.

Possible Learning Methods

Lecture, video, group exercises

- Introduce topic by discussing general and specific objectives of session (use transparency).

- Divide participants into three groups and ask them to discuss and report to the plenary on the following topic:

"In your view, who in your office needs to be trained/briefed on emergency management issues? Why?" Discuss group reports in plenary.

- Show video "Meetings, Bloody Meetings". Ask participants referring to the video, to identify causes/problems that may contribute to the failure or success of a training programme. Conclude this segment by highlighting the essential steps in planning and conducting a workshop/training event.

- Ask participants (in plenary or groups) to reflect on the previous sessions of the Emergency Workshop and list the training methodologies used in various sessions and which was more effective and why. Complement the participants' findings by listing other training methodologies and their recommended use.

- Using overhead transparencies, discuss the use of audio-visual materials as an effective learning aid giving examples from previous sessions. Ask participants to prepare lesson plans for a topic of their choice (preferably dealing with an emergency issue) and evaluate the results.

- Discuss administrative and financial aspects of planning and organizing a training event.


In specifying needs, developing objectives and selecting training methodologies, always refer to various sessions of the workshops and use them as examples.

Required Reading

- How to Organize and Run Training Workshops: A UNICEF Training Guide (Prepared by the Training Section, December 1987).

Supplementary Reading

- "Designing Training Programmes: Guidebook for the Training of Organizers", UNESCO, 1987.

Speakers' Preparation Aids

How to Organize and Run Training Workshops: A UNICEF Training Guide (Prepared by the Training Section, December 1987).

UNICEF, "Group Discussions - A Handbook," William Cousins


Day _______________
Session ____________

1. In your view, what were the key points learned in this session?

2. Comment on the application of these within UNICEF and your situation.

3. Suggest any additional critical points that should have been covered.

4. Do you have comments on the suggested reading?

Suggest any additional information sources for sessions of the day.
Case Studies:

5. Comment on the learning methodology (lectures, group work, films) used in the session.