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close this bookConducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (United Nations University, 1999, 375 p.)
close this folder6. Environmental management measures and monitoring
close this folder6.2 Environmental management plan (EMP)
close this folder6.2.2 Illustrations of guidelines for mitigation measures for specific projects
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.2.2.1 Fertilizer industry
View the document6.2.2.2 Oil and gas pipelines
View the document6.2.2.3 Water resource projects
View the document6.2.2.4 Infrastructure projects

6.2.2.1 Fertilizer industry

The main positive socio-economic impact due to the fertilizer industry is that it is critical to achieving the level of agricultural production needed to feed the rapidly growing world population. However, negative environmental impacts from fertilizer production can be severe (Table 6.1, pages 143-146). Wastewaters, which may be highly acidic or alkaline depending on the type of plant, and may contain ammonium compounds, metals, urea, and elevated levels of BOD, are the major problem.