|Coping with Natural Disasters: Role of Local Health Personnel & Community (World Health Organisation)|
|Annex 10 : Outline schedules for self-evaluation in the event of disaster|
1. Self-evaluation questions for the situation immediately following the disaster
1.1 Has a community emergency committee been set up?
1.2 Have relief teams been organized?
1.3 Is anything being done for isolated families?
1.4 Have arrangements been made to pick up the injured and take them to the health centre or hospital ?
1.5 Have dangerous buildings been evacuated ?
1.6 Have steps been taken to solve the problems that are most
urgent for the survival of the victims:
1.7 Has a place been assigned for the dead to be kept while
awaiting burial ?
1.8 Are steps being taken to identify the dead ?
1.9 Has an information coordination centre been established?
1.10 Have communications been established with the central (regional, national) authorities ?
1.11 Have the most urgent requirements to be met from outside assistance been evaluated, taking into account the number of people needing assistance, the type of assistance necessary and the resources avail able on the spot?
1.12 Are steps being taken to reunite families?
1.13 Have safety instructions been issued ?
1.14 Are steps being taken to circulate information on:
1.14. 1 the consequences of the disaster,
1.14.2 the dangers that subsist
1.14.3 factors that may reassure people?
2. Questions for self-evaluation in the poet-disaster period
2.1 Are communications being maintained with the central
2.2 Is information on requirements being coordinated ?
2.3 Are local voluntary workers being coordinated ?
2.4 Are voluntary workers from outside being coordinated?
2.5 Is inappropriate aid being successfully prevented and avoided?
2.6 Are relief supplies being fairly distributed?
2.7 Is contact being maintained with all family groupings?
2.8 Have families been reassured who are living in buildings that are damaged but not dangerous?
2.9 Has an appropriate site been chosen for temporary shelters?
2.10 In setting up shelters for disaster victims have family and neighbourhood relationships and socio-economic and cultural needs been taken into account?
2.11 Have the victims been organized in family groupings?
2.12 Have the essential problems been dealt with:
2.12. 1 water supply,
2.12.2 the provision of clothing, footwear and blankets,
2.12.3 food supply,
2.12.4 facilities for preparing hot meals,
2.12.5 the installation of latrines,
2.12.6 facilities for washing clothes and pots and pans,
2.12.7 collection and disposal of waste ?
2.13 Have short meetings been arranged in the community to discuss
the various problems and find solutions them ?
2.14 Have steps been taken to encourage solidarity, mutual assistance, and constructive efforts among people ?
2.15 Have school activities started up again?
2.16 Have initiatives been taken for community action by children ?
2.17 Have steps been taken to combat false rumours?
2.18 Have measures been adopted to ensure that there is no favouritism in the distribution of relief supplies ?
2.19 Is care being taken to ensure that voluntary workers from the outside do not take the place of local manpower but help to take the situation in hand again ?
2.20 Have victims been encouraged and helped to resume their activities ?
2.21 Have initiatives been taken to facilitate economic recovery on the basis of putting local resources to good use ?
2.22 Have steps been taken to ensure that people participate in drawing up plans of reconstruction, rehabilitation and development and that those plans are in line with needs and the local culture ?
2.23 Are arrangements in force to avoid: 2.23.1 delays 2.23.2 crippling disputes, 2.23.3 favouritism, 2.23.4 speculation, 2.23.5 dishonesty, 2.23.6 violence?
3. Self-evaluation questions on disaster preparedness
3.1 Has an emergency committee been set up ?
3.2 Is the committee active?
3.3 Have steps been taken to:
3.3.1 analyse past experience of emergencies,
3.3.2 ascertain the risks of a disaster in the area and its foreseeable consequences,
3.3.3 determine what resources the community has available to deal with the consequences of a disaster,
3.3.4 train voluntary workers for rescue and first-aid work,
3.3.5 inform and educate the public on the hazards and on how to
behave in the event of a disaster:
18.104.22.168 in the schools,
22.214.171.124 at place of work,
126.96.36.199 in the community,
188.8.131.52 in associations?
3.4 Has a community plan been drawn up to deal with an emergency,
organizing activities in essential fields:
3.4.1 rescue work,
3.4.2 emergency care,
3.4.4 the supply of:
3.4.4. 1 water,
3.4.5 temporary shelter if required,
3.4.8 dissemination of information and instructions?
3.5 Have emergency-preparedness exercises been organized?
3.6 Has twinning been arranged with one or more communities for action in the event of a disaster?