Annex 4 - Household Monitoring Report
This can be carried out in three ways:
questioning and observation
Focus group discussions
Results from each of these methods can be cross checked with the
Individual household level
This is an essential part of any monitoring system. It involves
visiting a selection of refugee homes/shelters and asking questions of the
family members as well as observing the actual conditions. Physical conditions
of shelters, sanitation, etc. should be noted. The presence and quantity of
distributed commodities should be noted, e.g. plastic sheeting, kitchen sets,
food quantity/type etc. Weighing of food found in the household is not
recommended as this can be highly misleading.
A wide number of households should be visited near/far in
relation to distribution points and other services.
Women in each household must be questioned on their access to
the distribution, appropriateness of the ration, any difficulties created by the
type of non-food items etc.
Key Informant Interviews
Interviews are held with individuals selected for their
knowledge of the situation in general or of a particular aspect of it. Key
informants usually include teachers, religious leaders, womens group
representatives, traders, camp committee members, government officials and local
staff of agencies.
Focus Group Discussions
Focus groups can be composed of people selected widely from the
whole camp, from a particular area of the camp, from a particular group within
the population (e.g. women). The composition of your focus group will depend on
what exactly you are trying to find out. However within any given category you
must include women in the group (unless it is a category which usually does not
include women, e.g. ex-combatants).