|Resettlement of Displaced Population - 1st Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1995, 60 p.)|
|Part 3: Resettlement: factors that influence recovery|
In this part of the module you will learn:
· sixteen critical factors that influence resettlement and recovery
· why participation in decision-making by the displaced is so important
· how gender, family status and age affect the recovery process
· some factors affecting livelihoods for the displaced
Because the recovery of families after displacement is a social process, there are no "quick fixes" or standardized solutions. The development of appropriate policies and programs is best guided by weighing critical factors that may influence recovery, both positively and negatively. "Lessons learned" can be drawn from resettlement experiences in a variety of displacement situations. Many migration studies, particularly in recent years, have documented resettlement in situations of armed conflict and where violations of human rights have occurred. A vast collection of experiences is available regarding resettlement after natural disasters. These bodies of information remain largely separate although there is increasing recognition of the similarity of the underlying humanitarian, social and planning issues.
In view of resettlement experience in various categories of displacement situations, the following sixteen points should be considered while planning and providing resettlement assistance. These points concern the personal characteristics of the refugees, their relationship with society and the assistance provided to them.