Cover Image
close this bookCerebrospinal Meningitis Epidemics and Surveillance Systems in the Sudan, Ethiopia and Chad (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1990, 40 p.)
close this folderII. COUNTRY REPORTS
close this folderB. People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
close this folder5. Comments
View the document5.1. On 1988 Epidemic
View the document5.2. On Emergency Contingency Plan for Epidemics

5.1. On 1988 Epidemic

The recognition of the epidemic was very late. It was only during the third month that the epidemiology department took over the coordination and response to the epidemic.

The first measures taken, chemoprophylaxis treatment of close contacts, is not a measure to stop an epidemic. Neither will the vaccination of high risk groups during an epidemic achieve this objective. If due to resource constraints a sufficient amount of vaccines is not available, a mapping of the cases would allow the identification of the areas where cases originate and a mass vaccination campaign in these specific areas might be more successful in stopping an epidemic. This might possibly be done in conjunction with high risk group vaccinations in the other areas.

The requests for international assistance did not include any data on the extent of the epidemic or importance of the needs. This lack of information lead to a delay in the answer.