Cover Image
close this bookCerebrospinal Meningitis Epidemics and Surveillance Systems in the Sudan, Ethiopia and Chad (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1990, 40 p.)
close this folderII. COUNTRY REPORTS
close this folderB. People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
close this folder5. Comments
View the document5.1. On 1988 Epidemic
View the document5.2. On Emergency Contingency Plan for Epidemics

5.2. On Emergency Contingency Plan for Epidemics

The Department of Epidemiology has developed an elaborate plan for epidemics response with a well-defined operational plan.

- Stengths:

- operational plan with definition and identification of vaccination teams, surveillance teams.

- active case detection during epidemics

- defined procedures for epidemic confirmation

- defined procedure for decentralisation of treatment facilities in temporary shelters near the affected villages

- community involvement in epidemic control measures

- Weaknesses:

- weak surveillance capacities for early detection of epidemic

- use of RMP for prophylaxis treatment

- no approval of the use of Oily Chloramphenicol

- high risk groups targetted vaccination during epidemic

- no formal coordination procedure with NGOs, other international agencies for international assistance requests and for epidemic response