|Emergency and Disaster Training Exercises - Exercise in Emergency Assessment and Relief Preparedness. TR. EX. 19 (World Health Organisation, 25 p.)|
This simulation exercise is set in a Southern African country faced with an extremely serious emergency caused by war aggravated by consecutive years of natural disasters (drought).
Fiorambia is a Third World, sub-tropical country, undergoing a severe crisis: its economy is in a slump since 1979, and for the last 10 years the countryside has been ravaged by a civil war. Agricultural production is extremely poor and no excedents are being marketed.
As a result of this, a great proportion of the population is displaced inside and outside the country, many rural areas are out of reach and the country largely depends on the support of different relief agencies.
Communications in rural areas, always precarious, are now extremely difficult.
The Country is divided into provinces, where a Governor represent the Head of State. Provinces are sub-divided in districts and locations.
Health services follow the same pattern, with Provincial & District Directorates. There are normally a provincial reference hospital and, at district level, health centres; the most peripheral units are represented by health posts. Community Health Workers & Traditional Birth Attendants constitute the PHC grassroot level.