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close this bookEM-FACT (Emergency Country Fact Sheets) (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1991, 250 p.)
close this folderSOUTH ASIA
close this folderSOUTHERN ASIA
View the documentAfghanistan
View the documentBangladesh
View the documentIndia
View the documentI. R. Iran
View the documentNepal
View the documentPakistan
View the documentSri Lanka

Afghanistan

Geographic Region SOUTHWEST ASIA

POPULATION

TOTAL 15,700,000 (1989) (10)
DENSITY (sq.km.) 31.1 (19)
GROWTH RATE - 0.3 (1980 - 89) (10)
% URBAN 19 (1989) (10)
% UNDER 5 18.4 (11)

LOGISTICS

OFFICIAL WORK WEEK

Saturday - Wednesday, Thursday half day (business hours vary by season)

BUSINESS HOURS

0800 or 0830 - 1200 (9)
1300 - 1530, 1600 or 1630
Thurs. 0800 or 0830 - 1300

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

17 Mar. - 1st day Ramadan* (1991) (4)
21 Mar. - Afghan New Year
16 Apr. - Id-al-Fitr*
27 Apr. - Revolution Day
1 May - Labor Day
23 June - Id-al-Adha*
22 July - Ashoura*
18 Aug. - Independence Day
21 Sept. - Roze Maulud*

*indicates moveable holiday

TRAVEL FORMALITIES

VISA

Visa required prior to travel when travel originates in country with Afghan Embassy. (9)

VACCINATION

Yellow Fever (15)

PRACTICAL INFORMATION

LANGUAGES

Principal Dari, Pushtu
Foreign (12c)

UNIT OF MEASUREMENT

Metric, traditional (4a)

CURRENCY

Afghani. 50.60 = $US 1 (official rate) (4)

SOCIOECONOMIC INFORMATION

GNP/CAPITA US $280 (1988) (10)

RELIGIONS (%)

Muslim - majority Sunni (4a), (12c)
Hindu
Sikh
Jewish -

DEVELOPMENT AID (% of GNP)

ETHNIC GROUPS (%)

Pushtus - 60.5 (17)
Tajiks - 30.7
Uzbeks - 5
Hazaras and nomads of Mongol origin

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

TIME (GMT)

AREA (sq.km.) 648,000

CLIMATE

Period

Temperature

Great variation


Southwest - summer

Maximum +48.8°C

Northeast - winter

Minimum - 26°C


(4)


MAP

HEALTH BASICS

BIRTH RATE* 49 (1989) (10)
DEATH RATE* 23 (1989) (10)
INFANT MORTALITY* 169 (1989) (10)
LIFE EXPECTANCY 42 (1989) (10)
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT (%) 20 (1980 - 89) (10)

* Rate indicates incidence per 1000 population

NUTRITION

STAPLE FOODS

wheat
flour
maize
flour
rice
barley
(7)

ACCOMPANIMENT

vegetables
fruits
meat
mutton fat, vegetable oil
Note - avoidance of pork
(7)

ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATIVES

sorghum
pulses
(7)

SEVERE MALNUTRITION (%)

20% mild - moderate (19)

NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES

Information not available

PERSONNEL and FACILITIES

POP./PHYSICIAN 1369
N° HEALTH CENTERS 49% local care
POP./NURSE 7741 (12c), (16)
N° HOSPITALS 128 (14), (16)
COLD CHAIN

NATIONAL DRUG IMPORTERS

Avicenna Pharmaceutical Institute (Ministry of Public Health) as well as private drug importers (18)

DISEASE and CONTROL

MAJOR DISEASES

Intestinal & alimentary infections & parasites
TB (pulmonary & other forms)
Typhoid, paratyphoid
Measles
Respiratory problems
Malaria
(12c), (16)

IMMUNIZATION/CONTROL PROGRAM

DPT
Measles
Polio
BCG (tuberculosis)
Tetanus
Malaria
(13), (14)

MINISTRY OF HEALTH ORGANIZATION

DIVISION/PROGRAM AREAS

Avicenna Pharmaceutical Institute

Cadre & Internal Relations

Institute of Higher Medical Education, Institute of Intermediate Medical Education, Cadre & Employment, International Relations

Planning and Administration

Administration, Planning & Finance, Public Health, Engineering, Legislation

Curative & Preventive Medicine

Curative Medicine, Preventive Medicine, Maternal & Child Health, Basic Health Services

WHO Advisors

Legal Advisors

Bilateral Advisors

Documentation & Relations

(12c)

REFERRAL SYSTEM

Village - health workers, birth attendants, male nurse at subcentre (12c)
District - health centre, hospital
Provincial hospital
Regional hospital
Central hospital

MAJOR DISASTERS SINCE 1900

DISASTER TYPES

NUMBER

PERCENT

Floods

7

35,0

Earthquakes

6

30,0

Droughts

4

20,0

Coldwave

1

5,0

Landslide

1

5,0

Chemical accident

1

5,0

Total Disasters

20


(1)

NATIONAL RESOURCES

FOCAL OFFICE

Information not available

DISASTER PLAN

Information not available

WARNING SYSTEMS

Information not available

NATIONAL EMERGENCY RESOURCES

Information not available

PREPAREDNESS STATUS

Information not available

EMERGENCY SUPPLIES LIKELY TO BE REQUESTED

Refer to WHO/UNHCR Emergency Kit

COMMUNICATIONS

Radio receivers, 135,000 in '86. TV 12800 in '86. (4)
Telephone.
6 regular daily newspapers '88.
Few railway lines.
Airports - 2 international, 29 local

OTHER RESOURCES

EMERGENCY NGOs

Information not available

UN AGENCIES

UNFPA
WHO
UNICEF
WFP
UNIC
FAO
UNDP
(9)