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close this bookEM-FACT (Emergency Country Fact Sheets) (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1991, 250 p.)
close this folderSOUTH ASIA
close this folderSOUTHERN ASIA
View the documentAfghanistan
View the documentBangladesh
View the documentIndia
View the documentI. R. Iran
View the documentNepal
View the documentPakistan
View the documentSri Lanka

Nepal

Geographic Region SOUTH ASIA

POPULATION

TOTAL 18,700,000 (1989) (10)
DENSITY (sq.km.) 122 (1988) (52)
GROWTH RATE 2.6 (1980 - 89) (10)
% URBAN 9 (1989) (10)
% UNDER 5 16 (1989) (10)

LOGISTICS

OFFICIAL WORK WEEK

Sunday - Thursday

BUSINESS HOURS

Summer 1000 - 1700 (52)
Winter 1000 - 1600
Friday 1000 - 1500

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

11 Jan. - Unity Day
29 Jan. - Martyrs Day
18 Feb. - National Day
Feb./Mar. - Shivarati
8 Mar. - Nepalese Women's Day
10 Mar. - Holi Festival
Apr. - Nepali New Year*
Apr. - Lord Buddha's Birthday*
10 Apr. - Teachers Day
May/June - Indra Jatra* (1991) (4)
1 week Oct. - Dasain
24 Oct. - UN Day
7 Nov. - Queen's Birthday
2 days Nov. - Tihar
17 Dec - Constitution Day
28 Dec - King's Birthday

* indicates moveable holiday

TRAVEL FORMALITIES

VISA

Required (9), (53)

VACCINATION

Yellow fever if coming from infected area (15)

PRACTICAL INFORMATION

LANGUAGES

Principal Nepali official (80% can speak it), plus many others
Foreign (5)

UNIT OF MEASUREMENT

Metric (52)

CURRENCY

Rupee. US $ 1 = 28.60 (12/89) (4)

SOCIOECONOMIC INFORMATION

GNP/CAPITA US $ 180 (1988) (10)

RELIGIONS (%)

Hindu - official - 80 (51), (52)
Mahayana Buddhism - 8
Bon
Animism

DEVELOPMENT AID (% of GNP)

13(1988) (10)

ETHNIC GROUPS (%)

Indo Aryan (52)
Mongoloid

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

TIME (GMT) + 5.4 (52)

AREA (sq.km.) 140,797 (5)

CLIMATE

Period

Temperature

Apr.-Aug. - hot

Tarai 40°C, rest 28°C

Nov.-Jan. - cold

Tarai 23°C, rest

0-12°C

Feb.-Mar. - warm

Sept.-Oct. - warm


(52)


MAP


MAP

(55)

HEALTH BASICS

BIRTH RATE* 39 (1989) (10)
DEATH RATE* 14 (1989) (10)
INFANT MORTALITY* 125 (1989) (10)
LIFE EXPECTANCY 52 (1989) (10)
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT (%) not available

* Rate indicates incidence per 1000 population

NUTRITION

STAPLE FOODS

Food patterns vary between castes and religions, not regions.

Rice
maize flour

Note - beef not acceptable

(7), (53)

ACCOMPANIMENT

pulses
vegetables
milk, cheese - milk products, yoghurt
mustard oil, butter, ghee

(7)

ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATIVES

wheat flour, sorghum, milk powder, potatoes, millet, barley

(7), (51)

SEVERE MALNUTRITION (%)

7; village survey shows 65 malnourished, 4 acute (17), (53)

NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES

endemic goitre - cretinism, deaf - mutism; (53)
iron deficiency anemia;
vitamin A deficiency - xeropthalmia, conjunctival xerosis, Bitot's spots

PERSONNEL and FACILITIES

POP./PHYSICIAN 32,710
N° HEALTH CENTERS 13
POP./NURSE 4,680 (1984) (19)
N° HOSPITALS 96 (52)
COLD CHAIN in airport and in capital (51)

NATIONAL DRUG IMPORTERS

Fourteen local manufacturers producing essential drugs. (52)
Royal Drugs Limited produces 16%.

DISEASE and CONTROL

MAJOR DISEASES

Diarrhea, gastrointestinal diseases
Acute respiratory infections
Skin diseases
Cholera
Tuberculosis
Typhoid
(12), (51), (52)

IMMUNIZATION/CONTROL PROGRAM

Tuberculosis
DPT
Polio
Measles
Leprosy
Malaria
(13), (17), (52)

MINISTRY OF HEALTH ORGANIZATION

DIVISION/PROGRAM AREAS

Family Planning & Maternal and Child Health

EPI, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Goitre, Malaria Eradication & Control

Environmental Health

Nutrition

(12), (52)

REFERRAL SYSTEM

Peripheral or Panchayat - village health workers or panchayat - based (52)
health workers, health posts, EPI/MCH Clinic, mobile clinincs

Community - Community Health Leaders

District - District Health Officers, family planning, EPI, MCH, malaria

National hospitals

MAJOR DISASTERS SINCE 1900

DISASTER TYPES

NUMBER

PERCENT

Floods

11

32,4

Landslides

6

17,6

Earthquakes

4

11,8

Droughts

4

11,8

Epidemics

3

8,8

Storms

4

11,8

Accident

1

2,9

Heatwave

1

2,9

Total Disasters

34


(1)

NATIONAL RESOURCES

FOCAL OFFICE

Informal government acceptance of Central Disaster Relief Operations Committee (51)
(CDRC) resulting from Nepal Red Cross plan.

DISASTER PLAN

no, but Nepal Red Cross has National Disaster Relief Plan (51)

WARNING SYSTEMS

Flood, landslides - Hydrological & Meteorological Dept.
Seismic Centres
Floods, landslides, fires - Satellites
(51)

NATIONAL EMERGENCY RESOURCES

Nepal Red Cross - major relief, storage warehouses with food, supplies, drugs.
National laws permit relief operations.
(51)

PREPAREDNESS STATUS

National Calamity Relief Act - legal framework.
Nepal Red Cross - preparedness courses, programmes.
CDRC has National, Zonal, District Disaster Relief, Village Committees. Some hospital plans.
(51), (52)

EMERGENCY SUPPLIES LIKELY TO BE REQUESTED

helicopters
(51)

COMMUNICATIONS

Telephone communications - 25 telephone exchanges, difficult within the country, but connections to India & Pakistan.
(4), (51), (52)

Radio - Radio Nepal - government owned, short and medium wave. 550,000 sets. Many listen to Indian radio stations. TV - 24,000 sets. Press - 58 dailies, 2 in English.

Roads - 5,925 kms - difficult terrain. Railroad - 53 km narrow gauge. Ropeways exist with 8 and 22.5 metric ton / hour capacity.

2 international airports, 35 air fields. Dependence on India for ocean freight

OTHER RESOURCES

EMERGENCY NGOs

Nepal Red Cross
(51)

UN AGENCIES

WHO
UNDP
ILO
UNFPA
UNICEF
FAO
World Bank
UNIC
IMF
WFP
(52)