|Data Elements for Emergency Department Systems - Release 1.0 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997, 274 p.)|
|SECTION 1 - PATIENT IDENTIFICATION DATA|
PART OF THE PATIENT EMPLOYMENT GROUP (1.12 AND 1.13)
Description of industry or business in which patient currently works.
Routine screening information concerning the patients current job activity is used in clinical evaluation and management, and it is needed to assess the patients eligibility for workers compensation benefits. Data on occupation and industry also are useful for public health surveillance and epidemiologic research. Occupation and industry together serve as a surrogate for patient socioeconomic status.
A succinct description of the patients work, identifying both occupation (or job title) and industry can be used to encode both occupation and industry. Incorporating information about both occupation and industry is important, because similar occupations confer different health risks depending on the industry. For example, a painter in a shipyard is subject to different exposures than a painter in a residential setting. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the U.S. Bureau of the Census have developed systems for encoding industry (OMB, 1987; U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1992). The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is developing and evaluating personal computer software to encode text entries for occupation and industry.
Data Type (and Field Length)
CE - coded element (200).
Yes; the Patient Employment Group repeats if the patient has more than one job.
Component 1 is the industry code.
Component 2 is the industry descriptor.
Component 3 is the coding system identifier.
Components 4 - 6 can be used for an alternate code, descriptor, and coding system identifier.
For example, using the U.S. Bureau of the Census Occupation/Industry code (COI):
Component 1 = 762
Component 2 = Hotels and motels
Component 3 = COI
Text data also can be entered without an accompanying code, as follows:
Component 1 = " "
Component 2 = Hotel industry
Data Standards or Guidelines
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987 (OMB, 1987), 1990 Census of Population and Housing: Alphabetical Index of Industries and Occupations (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1992), and E1633-96 (ASTM, 1996).