|Emergency Information Management and Telecommunications - 1st Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1997, 62 p.)|
|Part 2: Emergency telecommunications13|
13 This section deals primarily with emergencies caused by sudden-onset disasters and the special telecommunications considerations imposed by a need to respond with immediacy. As Zimmerman writes, The telecommunications requirements during complex emergencies are in most cases either similar to those of developing countries in general, or they are primarily covered by peace-keeping forces. (from: Zimmerman, Hans, The Use of Satellite Telecommunications in Disaster Relief Operations, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 37,1995.)
This part of the module is designed to enhance your understanding of:
· the political and organizational barriers which confront emergency telecommunications systems
· the equipment, infrastructure, and procedural concerns which emergency managers must consider in planning their telecommunications systems
· the advantages and disadvantages of the various emergency telecommunications systems presently available to emergency response organizations
A general understanding of emergency telecommunications systems, defined here as the equipment, networks, and policies and procedures used to transport emergency information from point to point, is a critical part of any emergency managers training. This part of the module is intended to provide emergency managers with this basic understanding of the various emergency telecommunications system options available to their organizations, and to ensure they are able to define their own particular telecommunications needs. The first section covers a number of issues and concepts of fundamental concern to managers responsible for emergency telecommunications systems. The second section highlights a number of emergency telecommunications systems and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each.