|Country Report Nigeria - ICRC Worldwide Consultation on the Rules of War (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1999, 56 p.)|
|The role of the ICRC/Red Cross|
A large percentage of Nigerians are familiar with the Red Cross, its emblem and its mission. When shown the emblem, 84 per cent of respondents reply that it stands for the Red Cross (2 per cent say the Red Cross and the Red Crescent), while only 8 per cent think it represents hospitals or medical facilities. Ninety-three per cent of south-easterners correctly identify the emblem, with that figure falling to 77 per cent for the rest of the country (12 per cent of those outside the south-east think it represents hospitals and medical facilities, compared with only 2 per cent of south-easterners).
Nigerians give generally accurate responses as to what the emblem protects. A total of 29 per cent mention protecting medical vehicles, facilities and personnel in times of conflict: 13 per cent think it protects medical buildings and vehicles, while 12 per cent think it protects Red Cross personnel and 4 per cent say medical personnel. An even half (50 per cent) believe the emblem protects the wounded or sick. (See Figure 14.)
Combatants were twice as likely to accurately assess the function of the red cross emblem; a solid majority, 50 per cent, think the emblem protects medical buildings and vehicles or Red Cross personnel.