|Disaster Management Ethics - Trainer's Guide - 1st Edition (Disaster Management Training Programme, 104 p.)|
|TOPIC 5: Disaster declaration and response|
The following are factors identified by respondent, Bruce Nichols, which influence ethical deliberations. Ask participants if they can give some examples of how these factors have or could influence ethical decision making. Ask if there are other sources they would include.
· Ethical judgments about the nature of human good
What people consider the capacity of humans relative to goodness, justice and peace will influence the vision and goals that inform decision-making.
· The existence of political will
Political agendas and priorities will influence the negotiations and decisions
· The allocation of resources
The willingness and commitment of various donors to redistribute and/or share resources will have enabling or constraining impacts on ethical deliberations in disaster management.
· Ethical reasoning
Concerning responsibility for persons/communities in question from the perspective of insider and outsider.
The ethical reasoning process employed by persons involved in the disaster management situation and decision making will influence the outcome. You may want to refer back to the introduction and Overhead 8 to remind people of the process and engage in a discussion about how the process can vary.
Factors influencing ethical deliberations
1. Ethical judgments about the nature of human good
2. The existence of political will
3. The allocation of resources
4. Ethical reasoning concerning responsibility for persons/communities in question
- from perspective of insider
- from perspective of outsider