|Disaster Management Ethics - Trainer's Guide - 1st Edition (Disaster Management Training Programme, 104 p.)|
Materials you will need
This trainer's guide, based on material in the Disaster Management Ethics module, provides you with summary information, overheads, exercises and summary information to enrich your teaching. Some additional items that you may want to prepare are:
· Copies of the Disaster Management Ethics module for each participant. You may prefer to distribute these at the end of the session in order to keep the group more focused on the presentation.
· Copies of other illustrative documents that you may have, e.g. news articles, case studies of current ethical dilemmas, or other more general information on ethics.
· Copies of the "Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief.
Determine how much time you have and how many aspects of disaster management you can address
An estimate of the time needed to present all the material and complete the suggested exercises appears at the beginning of each section of the trainers guide. The Introduction to Ethics session requires 20-30 minutes. Each aspect of disaster management requires approximately 45 minutes to one hour to complete, if you utilize all of the overheads and do all of the exercises. Some aspects may be covered in as little as 30 minutes. When planning your agenda, remember it is best to schedule no session over two hours without a break. You can plan on being able to cover two aspects of disaster management followed by a break, but it is probably not wise to schedule more. You could easily cover the Introduction and three aspects of disaster management and related ethical issues in a one-half day session. If you want to cover all of the aspects addressed in the module and/or additional aspects identified by participants, you will need to plan both morning and afternoon sessions.
Select a training approach
There are three options for presentation of the material in the module. Each of the three options begin with the Introduction to Ethics. This introduction is a primer on ethics and suggests a process for ethical decision-making.
After presenting the introduction, you may proceed with a focused review of the five (or less) aspects of disaster management and related ethical issues that are addressed in the module essays. Teaching instructions are organized below in step-by-step procedures. Overheads and group exercises are provided.
Based on the specific needs of participants, revise the suggested training format. You will need to decide what topics need to be covered most fully and which topics can be presented in abbreviated format. You should also decide when you will work in plenary and when you will break into smaller groups. Also, decide if you will use any of the optional exercises.
If participants have a substantial understanding of ethics and the ethical decision-making process after you have presented it and they are eager to explore situations and issues based on their own experiences, you may choose one of the following two more flexible options to conduct the training.
Use a combination of reviewing disaster management aspects addressed in the module and reviewing different aspects which the participants identify as important. In this case, tell participants there are five aspects of disaster management that have been addressed in the module and ask them which of those they would like to review (specify a number). Then ask them to select additional aspects (specify a number) that are important to them. You may use the step-by-step guide with overheads and exercises as a way of introducing the process or you may choose to proceed by leading the process yourself, using the detailed guide only as a resource. You may want to follow the procedure suggested below.
A third option for teaching disaster management ethics is to invite participants to identify aspects of disaster management that they want to address based on their experience and need. Instead of using the overheads and exercises provided in the trainer's guide, use the step-by-step guide only to inform the way you facilitate discussion of the ethical issues that participants raise. After the group has selected the specified number of aspects which you have time to address, utilize the following suggested procedure to increase participants ethical decision-making skills.
1. Identify ethical issues involved in the selected aspect(s) of disaster management.
2. Specify what is at stake, ethically.
3. Identify and explore the values, morals and beliefs; human rights; and professional standards and principles which may be operative and influence decision-making. Based on the specific needs of participants, revise the suggested training format. Three sample agendas appear at the end of this section. This trainer's guide is based on the first sample agenda. If you decide to use one of the other two, you will have to select your overheads accordingly.
4. Ask the group to specify a case study to use for ethical deliberation. You may choose to break the group into smaller working groups for this task and allow time for each group to present a case study analysis to the plenary. Case studies should specify:
· who should be involved in the ethical disaster management process
· available options and possible consequences
Beginning the workshop
It is important to start the session with enthusiasm and to generate interest and involvement of the participants from the beginning. Introduce yourself and the topic of the day. You may want to say something about why the topic is of special interest or particular concern to you. You could offer an example of the importance of ethical decision-making and practice in disaster management. Plan some kind of interactive exercise for participants to meet each other and then introduce themselves or one another to the entire group. Quickly move into instruction.