Cover Image
close this bookICRC Activities in the Congo (Brazzaville): 1994 - 20 April 2000 (International Committee of the Red Cross , 56 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAnnual report 1994: Congo
View the documentAnnual report 1995: Zaire (delegation also covers the Congo)
View the document13 November 1996: Update No. 96/4 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentAnnual report 1996: Congo
View the document15 May 1997 - ICRC News 97/18: Congo: Emergency operation for Rwandan refugees
View the document11 June 1997 - ICRC News 97/22: Republic of Congo: ICRC back at work
View the document12 June 1997 - Press Release 97/18: Republic of Congo: ICRC urges respect for humanitarian rules
View the document17 June 1997: Update No. 97/01 on ICRC activities in the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)
View the document18 June 1997 - ICRC News 97/23: Republic of Congo: ICRC resumes work in Brazzaville
View the document25 June 1997 - ICRC News 97/24: Republic of Congo: A light in the darkness
View the document16 July 1997 - ICRC News 97/27: Republic of Congo: The exodus continues
View the document23 July 1997 - ICRC News 97/28: Republic of Congo: Daily supplies ferried across river Congo
View the document7 August 1997 - ICRC News 97/30: Republic of the Congo: Front-line activities
View the document28 August 1997 - ICRC News 33: Brazzaville and Kinshasa: Medical aid on both sides of the river Congo
View the document5 September 1997 - ICRC News 34: Brazzaville/Kinshasa: Relief work progressing
View the document17 September 1997 - ICRC News 97/36: Republic of Congo: Water and hygiene: A priority
View the document28 October 1997: Update No. 97/03 on ICRC activities in Congo-Brazzaville
View the document24 November 1997 - Press Release 97/31: ICRC deplores death of Red Cross volunteer in Brazzaville
View the document4 December 1997 - ICRC News 97/48: Republic of the Congo: Water running again in Brazzaville
View the document24 December 1997: Update No. 97/04 on ICRC activities in the Republic of the Congo-Brazzaville
View the documentAnnual Report 1997: Republic of the Congo
View the document9 January 1998 - ICRC News 98/01: Republic of Congo: Red Cross messages: A success story
View the document8 April 1998 ICRC - News 98/14: Republic of the Congo: Open day for the Brazzaville media
View the document4 May 1998 98/01: Update No. 98/01 on ICRC activities in the Republic of the Congo
View the document23 December 1998 - ICRC News 98/51: Republic of the Congo: Renewed fighting in Brazzaville
View the documentAnnual Report 1998: Republic of the Congo
View the document12.08.1999 - Fact Sheet: ICRC in the Republic of Congo
View the document23 December 1999 - ICRC News 99/51: Republic of the Congo: ICRC visits pool region
View the document26 January 2000: Fact sheet: ICRC in the Republic of Congo
View the document17 February 2000 - ICRC News 00/05: Republic of the Congo: Assistance for refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo
View the document23 March 2000 - ICRC News 00/10: Republic of the Congo: Displaced persons return to their villages from Brazzaville
View the document6 April 2000 - ICRC News 00/12: Rwanda: ICRC repatriates Zimbabwean prisoner of war
View the document6 April 2000 - ICRC News 00/12: Republic of the Congo: ICRC starts humanitarian flights to northern Pool
View the document20 April 2000 - ICRC News 00/14: Republic of the Congo: Last IDPs return home

17 June 1997: Update No. 97/01 on ICRC activities in the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)

ICRC back in Brazzaville

On 11 June, following days of relentless heavy fighting in the Congolese capital Brazzaville, where humanitarian work became impossible, the ICRC decided to evacuate all of its expatriate staff from the city. Only three days later, on 14 June, a team of two ICRC delegates flew back to the strife-torn city, bringing with them food and medical supplies destined for Brazzaville hospitals. A second flight, carrying more food and medicines, followed on Sunday. On the return journey, a Belgian national injured during the fighting was evacuated to Kinshasa. Further evacuations of expatriates were carried out as the necessity arose. Also on the weekend, volunteers of the Congolese Red Cross used a dugout to take 700 kg of medical material donated by the Belgian Red Cross to southern Brazzaville, from where it was distributed to medical facilities in the area by the Congolese Red Cross.

On 16 June the ICRC team visited the Tangalai hospital in northern Brazzaville where conditions were found to be extremely serious. Hospital staff were working around the clock and medical supplies had been completely exhausted. The hospital was able to reopen its surgical department with the help of supplies provided by the ICRC, which also distributed medical material to two other main hospitals in Brazzaville. The ICRC plans to deliver food and medical supplies to additional health facilities as soon as the security situation permits.

At present there is little indication as to the exact number of people wounded during the fighting. Over the coming days, however, the ICRC hopes to increase its presence in Brazzaville and to start providing assistance to as many victims of the conflict as possible. In the very short term, two of the most important tasks are to collect and bury the dead and to transfer to hospitals wounded people currently remaining at home without treatment.

Throughout the fighting in Brazzaville, two ICRC expatriates remained in Lukolela, a town situated north-east of Brazzaville on the Zaire river and temporary home to some 5,300 Rwandan refugees. After fighting broke out in the capital supply lines to the refugee camp were cut off. On 11 June the ICRC was granted authorization by the authorities in Kinshasa to fly a Twin Otter plane with relief supplies directly to Lukolela. The first rotation, carried out on 12 June, was followed by a second one the day after and three more on the weekend. A total of seven tonnes of food and 500 kg of medicines were flown in.

The ICRC is also planning to provide relief assistance to groups of refugees isolated in various parts of Brazzaville and without any means of support, after the team was approached directly by the groups themselves.

The fate of some 5,000 Rwandan refugees, who have been stranded without food or other assistance in the Bilolo transit centre some 20 km north of Brazzaville, is a further source of concern. There has been no news from the camp since fighting erupted in Brazzaville 13 days ago.