Cover Image
close this bookSurviving the Storms (FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Agency, 1998, 8 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSafer, Stronger, Smarter
View the documentSeverity of Damage Linked to Wind Speed
View the documentKnow Your Weather Terminology
Open this folder and view contentsHurricane Preparations
View the documentWhat to do Before the Storm Strikes
View the documentFlood Insurance: The Best Protection Money Can Buy
View the documentEmergency Planning Could Save Your Business
Open this folder and view contentsA Boater’s Guide to Hurricane Readiness
View the documentRoofs Most Prone to Wind Damage

What to do Before the Storm Strikes


Hurricane winds were strong enough to uproot this tree and send it crashing onto this couple’s car.

In case of a Hurricane Watch

A hurricane watch is issued when a hurricane may threaten an area but is not imminent. At this point, you should immediately begin to gather the survival supplies and materials that you will need in the event that a hurricane reaches your area.

Some examples:

Materials to protect glass windows and doors (shutters, plywood, masking tape) and the tools to install and apply them.

Several days’ supply of canned food and beverages and non - perishable foods that don’t need refrigeration or cooking. Buy food and beverages in containers and packages that will allow for immediate consumption with no leftovers.

An adequate supply of needed prescription drugs, other medications and basic first aid supplies.

Filled fuel tanks and safe battery water levels on your vehicles.

A good supply of clean clothing and linens.

A transistor radio and flashlights that work, along with fresh batteries to last several days.

In addition, you should:

Be sure all doors are watertight.

Use bleach to clean the bathtub, washing machine and containers with covers to store water for drinking, cooking and washing for several days. For drinking, you will need containers with covers to hold two quarts of water per person per day. (If you rely on commercially bottled water for drinking, be sure to have several days’ supply on hand.)

Know how to use any fuel -operated lanterns you have safely, and have several days’ supply of fuel.

Be sure your fire extinguishers are fully charged.

Know where your main turn -off switches are for electricity, water and gas.

If there are ill or disabled persons in your home, ask a doctor on where they should stay in the event a hurricane approaches your area. If relocation will be necessary, have plans in place.

Make arrangements ahead of time if you want to board pets at a veterinary facility.

Animals Need Help, Too

Here are ways to protect your pets and livestock as a hurricane approaches:

Put identification tags on the animals.

If you plan to remain at home, bring pets inside with you. Have newspapers on hand for sanitary purposes.

Shelt birds and chickens. Put larger livestock on the loose in an open field with plenty of food and water.

As a rule, public shelters will not take pets.

If you are not going to stay in your home during the hurricane and can’t take your pets with you, arrange to leave your pets with your veterinarian or friends, or leave them loose inside your home with dry food and plenty of water. Remove the toilet tank lid, raise the seat and brace the bathroom door open so they can drink.

Do not leave pets outside or tied on leashes.


Hurricane First Aid Kit

Hydrogen peroxide or Betadine solution Rubbing alcohol
12 gauze bandages (4” x 4”)
1 roll 1/2” adhesive tape
1 roll 2” gauze bandage
Antibiotic cream
Box of adhesive bandage strips
Aspirin or acetaminophen
Petroleum jelly
Eye drops
Clean fabric for sling
Baking soda or Epsom salts
Milk of magnesia
Cotton swabs


Torrential rains associated with hurricanes and tropical storms can cause flooding hundreds of miles inland.