Cover Image
close this bookICRC Activities in Rwanda: 1993 - 6 April 2000 (International Committee of the Red Cross , 230 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentRECENT HISTORY
View the documentANNUAL REPORT 1993
View the documentANNUAL REPORT 1994
View the documentICRC Memorandum on the tragedy in Rwanda
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 11/17 March 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS N°13/8 April 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS N° 15/13 April 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS N° 16/94/14 April 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 16/21 April 1994
View the documentPRESS RELEASE N° 1772/21 April 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 17/28 April 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS N° 94/20/3 May 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS N° 21/4 May 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 18/5 May 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 19/11 May 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 20/18 May 1994
View the documentPRESS RELEASE N° 1776/20 May 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 21/25 May 1994
View the documentPRESS RELEASE N° 1777/26 May 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 22/1 June 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS N° 94/24/2 June 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS 94/25/7 June 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 24/15 June 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 25/22 June 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS N° 94/29/28 June 1994
View the documentDECLARATION CONJOINTE
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 26/29 June 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 27/6 July 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 28/13 July 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 29/20 July 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 30/27 July 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 31/3 August 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 32/10 August 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS 34/24 August 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 35/31 August 1994
View the documentRWANDA THE ICRC STAYED ON WHEN OTHERS LEFT
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 36/7 September 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 37/14 September 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 39/28 September 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 43/26 October 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 49/7 December 1994
View the documentCOMMUNICATION TO THE PRESS n° 94/43/14 December 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 50/15 December 1994
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 52/28 December 1994
View the document1995 - ICRC NEWS N° 1/4 January 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 08/22 January 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 11/15 MARCH 1995
View the documentICRC - SPECIAL REPORT - 29 March 1995
View the documentCommunication to the press No. 95/8 31 March 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 14/April 5, 1995
View the documentCommunication to the press No. 95/11 20 April 1995
View the documentCommunication to the press No 95/13 22 April 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 17/26 April 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 18/4 May 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 19/11 May 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 20/17 May 1995
View the documentFACT SHEET
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 21/24 May 1995
View the documentFrom the Annual Press Conference by ICRC President Dr. Cornelio Sommaruga, Geneva, the 30th of May 1995.
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 24/14 June 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 26/28 JUNE 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 28/12 July 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 34/23 August 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 36/6 September 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 39/27 September 1995
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 44/1 November 1995
View the documentRwanda: Restoring family ties
View the documentICRC NEWS N° 47/23 November 1995
View the documentICRC News 50 - 13 December 1995
View the documentSTATEMENT OF COLLABORATION
View the documentAnnual report 1995
View the documentICRC News 96/2 - 17 January 1996
View the documentRwanda: 1995 Retrospective Newsletter
View the documentRwanda: ICRC Newsletter No. 2
View the documentRwanda: ICRC Newsletter No. 3
View the documentICRC News 96/12 - 27 March 1996
View the documentICRC News 96/14 - 10 April 1996
View the documentRwanda, Hemmed in by mines
View the documentICRC News 96/17 - 1 May 1996
View the documentICRC News 96/17 - 1 May 1996
View the documentICRC News 96/18 - 8 May 1996
View the documentUpdate No. 96/1 on ICRC activities in Rwanda
View the documentICRC News 30 - 31 July 1996
View the documentICRC News 96/34 - 28 August 1996
View the documentFACT SHEET
View the documentUpdate No. 96/1 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentICRC News 96/43 - 30 October 1996
View the documentUpdate No. 96/2 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentUpdate No. 96/3 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentUpdate No. 96/4 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentUpdate No. 96/5 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentUpdate No. 96/6 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentUpdate No. 96/7 on ICRC activities in Zaire
View the documentICRC News 96/46 - 20 November 1996
View the documentUpdate No. 96/8 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentUpdate No. 96/9 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentICRC News 96/47 - 27 November 1996
View the documentUpdate No. 96/10 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentUpdate No. 96/11 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentUpdate No. 96/12 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentUpdate No. 96/13 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentUpdate No. 96/14 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentUpdate No. 96/15 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentICRC News 96/50 - 18 December 1996
View the documentUpdate No. 96/16 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentAnnual report 1996
View the documentUpdate No. 97/01 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian crisis
View the documentICRC News 97/03 - Rwanda
View the documentICRC News 97/03 - Rwanda: refugees return to Kamembe
View the documentUpdate No. 97/01 on ICRC activities in Rwanda
View the documentICRC News 97/04 - 30 January 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/05 - 6 February 1997
View the documentUpdate No. 97/02 on ICRC activities in Rwanda
View the documentUpdate No. 97/03 on ICRC activities related to the Zairian conflict
View the documentICRC News 97/11 - 27 March 1997
View the documentUpdate No. 97/03 on ICRC activities in Rwanda
View the documentExtract from “ICRC photo catalogue: 1996 selection, No 3”
View the documentLandmines in Africa
View the documentICRC News 97/17 - 7 May 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/20 - 28 May 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/22 - 11 June 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/30 - 7 August 1997
View the documentICRC News 33 - 28 August 1997
View the documentICRC News 34 - 5 September 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/41 - 16 October 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/45 - 13 November 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/46 - 19 November 1997
View the documentICRC News 97/49 - 11 December 1997
View the documentAnnual report 1997
View the documentICRC in Rwanda: An overview of activities
View the documentICRC News 98/25 - 26 June 1998
View the documentICRC News 98/48 - 3 December 1998
View the documentHome again - 11 December 1998
View the documentExtract from “ICRC photo catalogue: 1998, No 5”
View the documentAnnual Report 1998
View the documentICRC News 99/23 - 10 June 1999
View the documentFact Sheet: ICRC in Rwanda
View the documentICRC News 99/42 - 21 October 1999
View the documentICRC News 00/01 - 20 January 2000
View the documentFact sheet: ICRC in Rwanda
View the documentICRC News 00/12 - 6 April 2000

RWANDA THE ICRC STAYED ON WHEN OTHERS LEFT

Before the resumption of hostilities in Rwanda this April, the ICRC was already conducting a huge relief operation in the country. During the whole of 1993 around a million displaced people, forced to leave their homes after the outbreak of fighting in October 1990 and a second attack mounted by the FPR in February 1993, received assistance. The programme was carried out in cooperation with the Rwanda Red Cross and with some help from the World Food Programme.

Priority given to the protection of vulnerable groups

Following the death of President Habyarimana on 6 April 1994, the ICRC was the only humanitarian organization to remain on the spot Its delegates were direct eye witnesses of the dramatic events in the capital Kigali and did everything they could to prevent the worst from happening. Approaches were made regularly to the civilian and military authorities on both sides, and to militia leaders and other influential people to stress the ICRC’s concern. As a neutral, impartial and independent institution, the ICRC tried to bring some humanity into the prevailing chaos.

The main aim of all these efforts was to protect vulnerable groups in the capital Kigali and also elsewhere in the country. For example, in July ICRC delegates were in Kabgay, in the midst of thousands of displaced people who were in mortal danger. The ICRC presence could not prevent some killings, but it certainly saved thousands of lives.

The ICRC also realized very quickly how bad conditions were for people living in south-western Rwanda, especially for several thousand Tutsis massed in a football stadium in Cyangugu and later transferred to Nyarushishi camp. With the arrival of the French troops the security situation improved and the ICRC was able to continue its humanitarian operation in a safer environment.

Diplomats in Geneva and New York were kept regularly informed about the terrible situation in Rwanda. The ICRC’s reports were backed up by the international media, which were briefed by delegates in the field.

Short-term assistance in refugee camps

A huge cross-border medical and relief programme was launched immediately. Throughout the crisis the ICRC remained in Kigali and set up several sub-delegations in different pans of the country. When the flood of Rwandans streamed into Tanzania in May and into Zaire in August the ICRC was in a position to take rapid action and provide the refugees with food during the interim period before UNHCR and other organizations were able to cope with the refugee situation.

THE ICRC’S LARGEST OPERATION IN 1994
Relief: More than 25,000 tonnes of food distributed to displaced people and refugees

Since the outbreak of violence in April this year, the ICRC has distributed 25.000 tonnes of food and other supplies and thousands of blankets, cooking pots, plastic sheeting and jerrycans 10 more than a million displaced people inside Rwanda, as well as short-term assistance to 1.3 million refugees in Tanzania and Zaire. The operation continues, with 8,000 tonnes of food being distributed monthly. It represents a major challenge in terms of logistics: aircraft make regular flights 10 Kigali, Goma, Cyangugu and Bujumbura and a fleet of 130 trucks is used for distribution within the country.

Medical assistance: more than 1,000 operations performed

Immediately after the outbreak of violence the ICRC provided support to existing medical facilities in Kigali and opened its own field hospital 10 the city, where its surgical teams performed more than 1,000 operations up to the end of July. ICRC surgeons were also working in hospitals in Kabgay and Rilima. In Goma the ICRC set up another surgical and medical unit where both military and civilian patients were treated. This was closed at the end of August Dispensaries all aver the country are receiving medicines and medical materials through the Red Cross. Medical supplies worth over half a million Swiss francs have been distributed to date.

Water: a vital need

Ensuring a supply of safe water has been one of the priorities of the current operation, ICRC sanitary engineers have saved thousands of lives by providing water to camps for displaced people, hospitals and other public buildings. As soon as the situation allowed, engineers also repaired the water plants in Kigali (an output of 450,000 litres per hour), Ruhengeri, Gisenye and Butare. The necessary chemicals are regularly supplied to local workers to keep the clean water running.

Distribution of seeds in September

In some areas of other Rwanda displaced people have left the camps and returned to their villages, where they are resuming their normal activities. The ICRC is planning to distribute 1,800 tonnes of bean and maize seeds to 600,000 beneficiaries in September.

Over 2,000 prisoners registered so far

The new government in Kigali has guaranteed the ICRC access to all prisoners. So far more than 2,000 prisoners have been registered in Kigali, Kibungo, Rilima, Butare and Gitarama. Follow-up visits to all these prisoners and the registration of new ones will be high on the agenda of the ICRC in Rwanda.

Thousands of unaccompanied children registered

In this conflict as in so many others children have been the main victims. Thousands, indeed probably over 100,000 of them have become separated from their parents and relatives or have simply been abandoned. Many of them are now living in centres or camps for the displaced in Rwanda or abroad where they are cared for by humanitarian organizations. The ICRC and these other organizations are registering as many children as they can in the hope of reuniting them as soon as possible with their parents. All the information collected is centralized by the ICRC in a data bank in Nairobi and forwarded to all Red Cross offices in the field as well as to the offices of the other organizations concerned. Hundreds of parents have approached these offices and a few family reunifications have already been organized. By the end of August more than 6,000 children had been registered.

Around 160 expatriate staff and several hundred local employees are carrying out the ICRC’s programmes in Rwanda.

Budget: 108 million Swiss francs

The budget for the Rwandan operation is the ICRC’s largest this year. Some 108 million Swiss francs (76 million US dollars) will certainly be needed to cover all aspects of the operation. At this stage it seems possible that this budget may have extended if the huge remaining needs are to be met.

September 1994