Definition of Reproductive Health
Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and
social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity, in all
matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes.
Reproductive health therefore implies that people are able to have a satisfying
and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom
to decide if, when and how often to do so. Implicit in this last condition are
the rights of men and women to be informed and to have access to safe,
effective, affordable and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice,
as well as other methods of their choice for regulation of fertility which are
not against the law, and the right of access to appropriate health-care services
that will enable women to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth and provide
couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant.
International Conference on Population and Development-Cairo
1994; Programme of Action, para