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close this bookCerebrospinal Meningitis Epidemics and Surveillance Systems in the Sudan, Ethiopia and Chad (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1990, 40 p.)
close this folderII. COUNTRY REPORTS
close this folderA. REPUBLIC OF THE SUDAN
View the document1. Background
Open this folder and view contents2. Referral and Surveillance Health Systems
View the document3. Meningitis Epidemics Control Plan
View the document4. 1988 Cerebrospinal Meningococcal Meningitis Epidemic in Khartoum
Open this folder and view contents5. Comments
View the document6. Data Collection

1. Background

The Sudan lies on the eastern part of the “Meningitis Belt”. The first meningitis epidemics in the Sudan were described at the end of the last century1. In 1950/1951, the country experienced the worst epidemic with more than 50000 reported cases. The 1988 and 1989 epidemics are responsible for 38805 cases and 2770 deaths. In 1988 only, 32016 cases were reported.

1K. David Patterson. Gerald W. Hartwig. Cerebrospinal Meninngitis in West Africa and Sudan in the Twentieth Century; African Studies Association. Crossroads Press; University of California. L.A. 1984

Epidemics usually start in February, reach a peak in May and end at the onset of the rainy season.