|A Comparison of Self-Evaluating State Reporting Systems (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1995, 63 p.)|
|CHAPTER 1. AN IMPLEMENTATION MECHANISM FOR INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW DURING PEACETIME?|
|CHAPTER 2. MONITORING OF UNITED NATIONS CONVENTIONS ON HUMAN RIGHTS|
|2.1 Reporting procedures under the Conventions|
|2.2 Functions of the Secretariat|
|2.3 Reservations concerning the system|
|2.4 Concluding remarks|
|CHAPTER 3. ORGANIZATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT|
|3.1 Organization of the OECD|
|3.2 Reporting mechanisms|
|CHAPTER 4. THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION|
|CHAPTER 5. UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION|
|5.1 The 1954 Convention|
|5.2 The 1970 Convention|
|5.3 The 1972 Convention|
|CHAPTER 6. THE WORLD INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION|
|CHAPTER 7. DISARMAMENT TREATIES|
|7.3 Treaties past and present|
|7.4 Treaties - proposals|
|CHAPTER 8. ENVIRONMENT TREATIES|
|CHAPTER 9. OVERVIEW, CHARACTERISTICS AND A POSSIBLE SYSTEM FOR INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW|
|9.1 The concept of a reporting system|
|9.3 Possible focused reporting system on national measures of implementation of international humanitarian law|
|Table 1 An overview of the reporting systems|
|Table 2 United Nations Human Rights Conventions|
|ARTICLES SUBMITTED FOR PUBLICATION IN THE INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF THE RED CROSS|
The reporting systems relating to UN human rights give rise to the following observations:
(1) The number of overdue reports will not decrease as long as the capacity of the Secretariat to process reports is not increased.20
20 As long as this is the case the Committees will not put overmuch pressure on States to submit their reports.
(2) There is reporting fatigue, since States sometimes have to report up to six times a year on closely related fields.
(3) The effectiveness of the system is impeded by the absence of a consistent follow-up procedure.
(4) A good diplomat will be able to explain away all allegations of a Committee, without any relevant changes taking place in human rights within a State.
(5) Six working languages constitute a heavy burden for the UN.
(6) The Committees experts are not paid for their services, apart from travel and living expenses. So far this has not been a problem, but when Committee sessions take up more than three months a year a normal salary may be required.21
21The experts for the Council of Europe are paid at D1/D2 level.