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close this bookSimple Methods for the Treatment of Drinking Water (German Agency for Technical Cooperation, 1985)
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View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contents1. Treatment of Drinking Water an Introduction to the Subject
Open this folder and view contents2. Aspects of Planning and Organization
Open this folder and view contents3. Technologies
View the document4. Summary
View the documentLiterature
View the documentAppendix: Technical Glossary
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Preface, Chapter 1

[1] Argawal, A., Tinker, J. et al., Water, Sanitation, Health -For All? Earthcan Publication, International Institute for Environment and Development, London 1980.

[2] Earthcan, International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade. Earthcan Information Programme Phase 1, London 1980.

[3] UNDP, Decade Dossier. International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade 1981-1990. New York 1981.

[4] UNDP, Decade Action Guide, IDWSSD 1981-1990. New York 1981.

[5] World Bank, Water Supply and Waste Disposal. Poverty and Basic Needs Series, Washington Sept. 1980.

[6] WHO, World Health, Water Decade 1981-1990. The Magazine of the WHO, Aug.-Sept. 1980, Genf.

Chapter 2

[7] American Public Health Association (APHA), Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 15. Aufl., Washington 1977.

[8] de la Barra-Rowland, F., Analyse des Experiences d'Auto-Assistance et de Participation de la Population en Matiere d'Approvisionnement en Eau en Milieu Rural. Etudes de cas:le Mexique, OECD, Document Special No. 6, Paris 1978.

[9] Baumann, W., Karpe, H.-J., Einfache Abwasser-und Fakalienbehandlungsanlagen fur Entwicklungslander. Planungshandbuch fur den landlichen Bereich, INFU, Dortmund 1979.

[10] Cairncross, S. et al., Evaluation for Village Water Supply Planning. IRC-WHO Technical Paper Series 15, Den Haag 1980.

[11] Environmental Sanitation Center, Rural Water Supply: Does it Work? in: Enfo, Vol. 2 No. 4, Dez. 1980, S. 8 -16, Environmental Sanitation Center, AIT, Bangkok.

[12] Feachem, R. G., Rural Water and Sanitation. Community participation in appropriate water supply and sanitation technologies: the mythology for the decade; in: Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 209, 15-29, 1980;

[13] ders., Water Supplies for Low-lncome Communities: Resource Allocation, Planning and Design for a Crisis Situation. in: Water, Wastes and Health in Hot Climates, Feachem, McGarry, Mara (ed.), Chapter 5, London 1977.

[14] Fresenius, Schneider, Methodensammlung zur Wasseruntersuchung. (fur GTZ), Eschborn 1977.

[15] Imboden, N., Planning and Design of Rural Drinking Water Projects. OECD Development Centre, Paris Sept. 1977.

[16] Intermediate Technology Development Group, Guidelines on Planning and Management of Rural Water Supplies in Developing Countries. in: ITDG, Appropriate Technology, Vol 3 No. 3, 12/80, S. 17-20, London 1980.

[17] Kalbermatten, J. M. et al., Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation. Vol 2: A Planner's Guide. World Bank, Washington, Dez. 1980.

[18] Mann, H. T., The Examination of Water in the Field for E. Coli. unpubl., Stevenage 1978.

[19] ders., Water Project Planning. Inst. Plumb. 1979.

[20] Mara, D., Simple Bacteriological Analysis of Drinking Water Supplies. in: ITDG, Appropriate Technology, Vol 3 No. 3, S. 7-10, London.

[21] Miller, Duncan (ed.), Studies on Rural Development. Vol 11: Studies on rural water supply systems, OECD Development Centre Papers, Paris 1980.

[22] Millipore, Field Procedures in Water Microbiology. AB 314, Biological Analysis of Water and Wastewater Manual AM 302, Bedford (USA) 1972.

[23] Pacey, Arnold (ed.), Water of the Thousand Millions. Pergamon Press 1977.

[24] Peres Carrion, J. M., Tecnologia Appropriada en Tratamiento de Agua. CEPIS, HOJAS de divulgacion tecnica, No. 4 Marzo 1981, Lima (Peru).

[25] Reid, G., Coffey, K., Prediction Methodology for Selection of Suitable Water and Wastewater Processes. in: Appropriate Methods of Treating Water, Chapter III, University of Oklahoma 1978.

[26] UNESCO-WHO, Water Quality Survey. Studies and Reports in Hydrology 23, Paris-'Genf 1978.

[27] Warford, J. J., Saunders, R. J., Village Water Supply. Economics and Policy in the Developing World. A World Bank Research Publication, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London 1976.

[28] WHO, International Standards for Drinking Water. 3. Aufl., Genf 1971.

[29] WHO, Human Viruses in Water, Wastewater and Soil. WHO Technical Report Series 639, Genf 1979.

Chapter 3: Technologies -General Literature

[30] American Water Works Association, Water Treatment Plant Design. AWWA Inc. New York 1969. [31] Arboleda Valencia, J., Teoria, Diseno y Control de los Procesos de Clarificaion del Agua. CEPIS, PAHO, Serie tecnica 13, Lima 1973.

[32] Arceivala, S. J., Review of Work Done on Rural Water Supply in India. Central Public Health Engineering Research Institute (CPHERI), Indian Council of Medical Research, Technical Report Series 10, New Delhi 1972.

[33] Brix, Heyd, Gerlach, Die Wasserversorgung. Munchen 1963.

[34] Canepa de Vargas, Lidia, Algunas Soluciones para Tratamiento de Agua en las Areas Urbanas Marginadas. CEPIS, Lima Okt. 1981.

[35] CEPIS, Modular Plants for Water Treatment (Draft). WHO/PAHO, Lima Marz 1980.

[36] Cox, Ch. R., Operation and Control of Water Treatment Processes. WHO Monograph Series no. 49, Genf 1969. '

[37] Degremont Handbuch, Wasseraufbereitung Abwasserreinigung. Wiesbaden -Berlin 1974.

[38] Fair, G. M., Geyer, J. C., Okun, D. A., Water and Wastewater Engineering. Vol 2: Water Purification and Wastewater Treatment and Disposal, John Wiley, London 1968.

[39] Fresenius, W., Schneider, W., Technologie des Trinkwassers. GTZ (Hg.), Eschborn 1979/80.

[40] Holl, K., Wasser. 5. Aufl., Berlin 1970.

[41] INFOSEC, Fondation Friedrich Naumann, ENDA, Technologie Traditionelle et Appropriee au Service des Groupes de Base. Symposium International, Cotonou (Benin), Okt. 1980.

[42] International Development Research Centre, Rural Water Supply in China. IDRC -TS25E, Ottawa 1981.

[43] IRC/WHO, Contribution to a Mail Survey on Practical Solutions in Drinking Water Supply and Wastes Disposal for Developing Countries. Den Haag Febr. 1977.

[44] IRC/WHO, Small Community Water Supplies. Technology of Water Supply Systems in Developing Countries. Technical Paper Series 18, Den Haag Aug. 1981.

[45] Lehr, J. A. et al., Domestic Water Treatment. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York 1980.

[46] Mann, H. T., Williamsen, D., Water Treatment and Sanitation. I.T. Publications, London Jan. 1976.

[47] PAHO, CEPIS, CIFCA, Curso Sobre Tecnologia de Tratamiento de Agua Para Paises en Desarollo. Lima, Peru, die. 1-16,1977, Lima 1978.

[48] Perez, J. M., Evaluation of Lower Cost Methods of Water Treatment in Latin America PAHO, CEPIS, Lima 1977.

[49] Pickford, J., Water Treatment in Developing Countries. in: Feachem, McGarry, Mara (ed.), Water, Wastes and Health in Hot Climates, London 1977.

[50] Reid, D., Coffey, K., Appropriate Methods of Treating Water and Wastewater in Developing Countries. The University of Oklahoma, Bureau of Water and Environmental Resources Research, Oklahoma 1978.

[51] Ross Institute of Tropical Hygiene, Small Water Supplies. Ross Bulletin 10, London Jan. 1978.

[52] Sanks, R. C., Water Treatment Plant Design for the Practicing Engineer. ANN ARBOR SCIENCE, USA 1978.

[53] Schweizerische Kontaktstelle fir angepasste Technologie, Manual for Rural Water Supply. Publication no. 8, St. Gallen 1980.

[54] Smethurst, G., Basic Water Treatment. Thomas Telfort Ltd., London 1979.

[55] UNICEF, Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in the D.C. UNICEF Guide List OLGA, OSU-6400, New York Mai 1975.

[56] Wagner, Lanoix, J. N., Water Supply for Rural Areas and Small Communities. WHO Monograph Series no. 42, Genf 1959.

[57] WHO, Typical Designs for Engineering Components in Rural Water Supply. WHO Regional Publications, South-East Asia Series no 2, New Delhi 1976.

Technologies -specific literature


[58] Camp, T. R., Sedimentation and the Design of Settling Tanks. in: Transactions of the American

Society of Civil Engineers, Paper no. 2285, 1946, no. 3, pp 895 -936.

[59] Hazen, A., On Sedimentation. in: Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Paper no. 980, 1904, no. 53, pp 45-88.


[60] Camp, T. R., Flocculation and Flocculation Basins. in: Trans. Am. Soc. Civil Engineers, Paper no. 2722, 1955, no. 120, pp 1-16.

[61] CEPIS, Polimeros Naturales y su Applicacion Como Ayudantes de Floculacion. Serie Documentos Tecnicos 2, Lima 1975.

[62] Jahn, Dr. Samia al Azharia, Traditional Water Purification in Tropical D. C. -Existing Methods and Potential Application. GTZ-Schriftenreihe, Eschborn 1981.

[64] National Environmental Engineering Research Inst., Natural Coagulant Aids. NEERI Technical Digest 52, Nagpur (India) 1976.

[65] TU Berlin, Konplan, Reaktivierung einheimischer Techniken der Entwicklungslander. Versorgung mit Wasser. GTZ (Hg.), Berlin Nov. 1979.

Rapid filtration

[66] Environmental Health Directorate, Assessing the Effectiveness of Small Filtration Systems for Point-of-View Disinfection of Drinking Water Supply. Ministry of Health and Welfare, Canada, Jan. 1980.

[67] ICAITI, Water Purification Using Small Artisan Filters. Guatemala 1981.

[68] INADES, L'Eau et la Sante. no. 1, Chap. 2, Cote d'Ivoire 1979.

[69] Frankel, R. J., Development of a Water Treatment Canister and Series Filtration unit for Supplying Drinking Water to Individuel Soldiers and Small Units in the Fields. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok 1973.

[70] Gregory, Mann, Zabel, The Role of Upflow Filtration and Hydraulic Flocculation in Low-Cost Water Technology. IWSA Conference on Low-Cost Technology, Paper 13, Berlin 1981.

[71] Kane, A., Balla, M., Sallssou, M. K., Filtres a Eau Pour Petites Communites Rurales. Republique du Niger, Ministere de la Sante Republique et des Affaires Sociales, Juli 1979.

[72] Thanh, N. C., Functional Design of Water Supply for Rural Communities. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok April 1978.

[73] Wegelin, M., Roughing Filters as Pre-Treatment for Slow Sand Filtration. Dar-es-Salaam, IWSA Conference on Low-Cost Technology Paper 10, Berlin 1981.

Slow sand filtration

[74] Frankel, R. J., Manual for Design and Operation of the Coconut Fiber/Burnt Rice Husk Filter in Villages of Southeast Asia. Seatec International, Bangkok Okt. 1977.

[75] ders., The Coconut Fiber/Burnt Rice Husks Filter for Supplying Drinking Water to Rural Communities in Southeast Asia. in: Asian Environmental Vol 1 no. 2,111, 1978 pp 12.

[76] ders., Design, Construction and Operation of a New Filter Approach for Treatment of Surface Waters in S. E. Asia. in: Journal of Hydrology, 51 (1981) 319-328.

[77] Gilbert, B., Propositions Pour une Amelioration de la Qualite de L'Eau. in: Centre National de l'Enfant: I'Enfant en Milieu Tropical, Chap. A. III 3, Paris 1978.

[78] NEERI, Slow Sand Filtration. An Interim Report, Nagpur 1976.

[79] Huisman, L., Woods, W. E., Slow Sand Filtration. WHO, Genf 1974.

[80] IRC/WHO, Slow Sand Filtration for Community Water Supply in D. C. a Design and Construction Manual. Technical Paper Series 11, Den Haag, Dez. 1978.

[81] Mann, H. T., Water Supply and Sanitation in Disaster Relief. R. E. E. R. Cambridge 1981.

[82] Thanh, N. C., Pescod, M. B., Application of Slow Sand Filtration for Surface Water Treatment in Tropical Developing Countries. AIT Final Report no. 65, Bangkok 1976.

[83] Thanh, N. C., Functional Design of Water Supply for Rural Communities. AIT, Bangkok April 1978.


[84] Burns, R. H., Howard, J., Safe Drinking Water. An Oxfam Technical Guide, Oxford April 1974.

[85] Central Public Health Engineering Institute, Disinfection Techniques for Small Water Supply. Nagpur, India.

[86] FAO, Water Purification. Vol 4: Rural Home Techniques, Series 2: Labour-Saving Ideas.

[87] McJunkin, F. E., Marais, G. v. R. (ed.), Floating Platform Hypochlorite Solution Feeder. AID-UNC/IPSED Series, Item 7, Chapel Hill, Okt. 1966.

[88] dies., Floating Bowl Hypochlorite Solution Feeder. Item 9, Okt. 1966.

[89] dies., Bottle Hypochlorite Solution Feeders. Item 10, Okt. 1966.

[90] dies., Temporary Chlorination of Small Water Supplies. Item 16, Juli 1967.

[91] Mann, H. T., Water Disinfection Practice and its Effect on Public Health Standard in Developing Countries. IWSA Conference Low-Cost Technology, Paper 23, Berlin 1981.

[92] Volunteers in Technical Assistance, Chlorination for Polluted Water and Super-Chlorination. in: VITA Handbook, pp 127 -133, Maryland 1977.

[93] dies., 200 2-Boiler for Drinking Water. in: VITA Handbook, pp 123, 125-126.

[94] Zoeteman, B. C. J., The Suitability of iodine and iodine Compounds as Disinfectants for Small Water Supplies. IRC/WHO Technical Paper No 2, Den Haag, Juli 1972.