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close this bookRehabilitation and Reconstruction - 1st Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1993, 47 p.)
close this folderPart 1 - Scope of rehabilitation and reconstruction
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentNature of the disaster
View the documentScale of the damage
View the documentLocation of the event
View the documentSectors affected
View the documentLosses
View the documentResulting needs
View the documentAvailable resources
View the documentPolitical commitment
View the documentActors involved in the reconstruction
View the documentSummary
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Summary


The processes of rehabilitation and reconstruction are complex and depend largely on the analysis of the disaster itself:

- the nature of the disaster (hazard type)
- the scale of the damage
- the location of the events
- the particular sectors affected


Planning for rehabilitation and reconstruction will depend on the losses sustained by the community. These are typically:

- buildings
- infrastructure
- economic assets
- administrative and political systems
- psychological
- cultural
- social
- environmental


The losses sustained due to the disaster result in needs which must be carefully analyzed


Available resources must be incorporated into the planning for rehabilitation and reconstruction. These are typically:

- funds
- materials
- equipment and tools
- energy and power sources
- land (for building)
- human resources
- adequate and relevant information
- administrative structures


Political commitment is critical to the success of rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts.


There is a wide range of actors involved in the carrying out these efforts. Each of them have varying responsibilities throughout the phases of the disaster recovery. The actors usually include:

- military
- disaster relief units or agencies
- government ministries
- reconstruction commissions
- local authorities
- international agencies
- media
- professional/commercial sector
- communities