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close this bookCorporal Damage as Related to Building Structure and Design: The Need for an International Survey (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1989, 16 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. EARTHQUAKES AS A PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM
View the document2. MITIGATION VS RESPONSE
View the document3. MITIGATION: ANTI-SEISMIC BUILDING
View the document4. RESPONSE: SEARCH AND RESCUE
View the document5. RESEARCH
View the document6. IDNDR
View the documentBIBLIOGRAPHY

6. IDNDR

A study on “Earthquake Injury Epidemiology and Search and Rescue in Collapsed Buildings” is presently undertaken under the sponsorship of NCEER, the National Center of Earthquake Engineering Research.

IDNDR, the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, with its large international interdisciplinary research programs, provides an unique opportunity to extend this study in different geographical contexts, especially in earthquake prone areas in developing countries (10).

It should be one of the outcome of this workshop to prepare a preliminary protocol and set up a task force for such a study.

TABLE 1: MORTALITY RATES, INJURY RATES, INJURED TO DEATH RATIOS, AND DELAY IN RESCUE, IN SINGLE AND MULTIPLE HOUSEHOLD, ITALY, 1980


One person of household present

Two or more persons or household present

X2

number of people

285

3,334


death rate

11.2 %

5.1 %

(p < 0.05)

injury rate

20.7 %

13.6 %

(p < 0.05)

injured/death (ratio)

1.8

2.6


proportion of persons trapped

23.9 %

14.4 %

(p < 0.001)

death rate amongst trapped

45.6 %

33.6 %

(p < 0.05)

proportion of trapped extricated (dead or alive) within 24 hours

46.5 %

61.0 %

(p < 0.05)


Fig. 1: SURVIVAL OF PEOPLE RESCUED FROM DEBRIS IN RELATION TO THE DELAY OF RESCUE, TANGHSAN (CHINA) 1976


Fig. 2: CUMULATIVE NUMBER OF PEOPLE EXTRICATED, TOTAL AND ALIVE, ACCORDING TO DELAY IN RESCUE, ITALY, 1980