|Children in Armed Conflicts (Item 10 of the Draft Agenda) (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1995, 20 p.)|
In parallel to the action described above at the international level, the ICRC has not ceased its efforts in favour of children in the framework of its traditional operations.
In carrying out its activities in nutritional and medical assistance, the ICRC takes the particular needs of children into account. To this end it has set up programmes in nutritional rehabilitation and pinpoints the needs of babies and children in it medical activities. In the field of protection, during visits to camps or detention centres, it always insists on the separation of children from adults unless their detained with their families. It also intervenes in favour of the early liberation and repatriation of children. Finally, the ICRC intervenes to preserve family unity and family reunion. Further information on its activities may be found in the corresponding chapter of the ICRC and International Federation Report to the XXVIth International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (doc. Commission 1. Item 3.).
The Federation supports the activities of National Societies to develop heath programmes for children (immunization, diarrhoea, nutrition, etc.) in the most vulnerable communities. These activities were the result of the World Summit for Children and a Resolution of the General Assembly of the Federation at Birmingham 1993 that called for an intensification of activities to improve the physical, psychological health and social welfare of children.
The National Societies are supported by the Federation to deal with the needs of children in especially difficult situations (street children). National Societies and their Federation have organized seminars and carried out other projects for youth (Aids and Youth). The Federation has provided humanitarian assistance to children as part of its relief operations, since children make up the largest group amongst affected populations. Refugee children, in particular, were the beneficiaries of Social Work Programmes of the Federation (psycho-social support).