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close this bookA Research Agenda for Disaster and Emergency Management (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 76 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1 Introduction
View the document2 Status of Research on Emergencies and Disasters in the Developing World
View the document3 Defining Disasters and Creating a Framework for Disaster Research
View the document4 Vulnerability and Risk Assessment
View the document5 Perception of Risk and Hazards
View the document6 Preparedness
View the document7 Mitigation
View the document8 Relief
View the document9 Recovery, Reconstruction and Development
View the document10 Displaced Persons
View the document11 Gender Issues and Children9
View the document12 Conclusions
View the documentAppendices
View the documentBibliography

Appendices

Appendix 1

Assistance, advice, suggestions and comments concerning the development of this research agenda were solicited from the following individuals and/or organizations.

Dr. H. Adelman, Director

Centre for Refugee Studies


290J Admin. Studies Building


York University, 4700 Keele Street


North York, Ontario M3J 1P3

Dr. Yasemin Aysan

Disaster Management Centre


Oxford Polytechnic, Gipsy Lane


Headington, Oxford OX3 OBP

Dr. Abera Bekele, Director

Ethiopian Nutritional Institute


Addis Ababa, PO Box 5654, Ethiopia

Dr. Neil Britton, Director

Disaster Management Centre


University of New England


Armidale NSW 2351, Australia

Dr. Supang Chantavanich, Director

Indochinese Refugee Information Centre


Institute for Asian Studies


Chulalongkorn University, Phyathai Road


Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Dr. Francis Charhon

Medecins Sans Frontiers


8 r St Sabin 11e Paris, France

Dr. Ellen Colthoff, Director

Disaster & Emergency Reference Centre (DERC)


Delft University of Technology


PO Box 5048 - 2600 GA Delft


The Netherlands

Dr. Ian Davis

Disaster Management Centre


Oxford Polytechnic, Gipsy Lane


Headington, Oxford OX3 OBP

Dr. M. Frontier

Centre for Research on the


Epidemiology of Disaster


Universite Catholique de Louvain


Place de l' Universite 1


1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium

Dr. B. Harrell-Bond, Director

Refugee Studies Program


Queen Elizabeth House, 21 St. Giles


Oxford University, England OX13LA

Dr. Mahabub Hossain, Director-General

Bangladesh Institute of Development


Studies


GPO Box 3854, E-17 Agargaon


Sher-e-Banglanagar


Dhaka 1207 Bangladesh

Dr. Habibul H. Khondker

Department of Sociology


National University of Singapore


10 Kent Ridge Crescent


Singapore 0511

Dr. M. Aminul Islam, Director

Centre for Disaster Research & Training, University of Dhaka


Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh

Dr. Allan Lavell, Director

Central American Research Programme, CSUCA


(Confederacion Universitaria Centroamericana)


Secretaria General, Apartado 37-2060


Cuidad Rodrigo Facio


San Jose, Costa Rica

Dr. Michael LeChat

Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disaster


Univeisite Catholique de Louvain


Place de l' Univeisite 1


1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium

Dr. E. L. Quarantelli, Director

Disaster Research Centre


University of Delaware, Newark


Delaware 197111, USA

Professor C. V. Rag Havulu, Director

Disaster Mitigation Centre


Nagarjuna University, Nagarjunanagar


Guntur District 522510


Andra Pradesh. India

Brian Wood, Director

Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre


Asian Institute of Technology


Bangkok 10501, Thailand

Appendix 2

Myths and Realities of Natural Disasters

MYTH: Foreign medical volunteers with any kind of medical background are needed

REALITY: The local population almost always provides immediate first aid. Only medical personnel with skills that are not available in the affected country may be needed.

MYTH: Any kind of international assistance is needed, and it's needed now!

REALITY: A hasty response that is not based on an impartial evaluation only contributes to the chaos. It is better to wait until genuine needs have been assessed.

MYTH: Epidemics and plagues are inevitable after every disaster.

REALITY: Epidemics do not occur spontaneously after a disaster and dead bodies will not necessarily cause catastrophic outbreaks of disease. The key to preventing disease is to improve the sanitary conditions and educate the public.

MYTH: Disasters bring out the worst in human behaviour.

REALITY: Although isolated cases of antisocial behaviour exist, the majority of people respond spontaneously and generously.

MYTH: The affected population is too shocked and helpless to take responsibility for its own survival.

REALITY: On the contrary, many find new strength during an emergency, as evidenced by the thousands of volunteers who spontaneously united to sift through the rubble in search of victims after the 1985 Mexico City earthquake.

MYTH: Housing disaster victims in temporary settlements is the best alternative.

REALITY: It should be the last alternative. Many agencies use funds normally spent for tents to purchase building materials, tools and other supplies in the affected country.

MYTH: Things are back to normal after a few weeks.

REALITY: The effects of disaster last a long time. Disaster-affected countries deplete much of their financial and material resources in the immediate post-impact phase. Successful relief programmes make provision for the fact that international interest wanes as needs and shortages become more pressing.

Source: International Review of the Red Cross. No. 284, Sept/Oct. 1991 p. 515.