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close this bookEM-FACT (Emergency Country Fact Sheets) (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1991, 250 p.)
close this folderSOUTH ASIA
close this folderSOUTHERN ASIA
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I. R. Iran

Geographic Region WESTERN ASIA

POPULATION

TOTAL 53,400,000 (1989) (10)
DENSITY (sq.km.) 30.3 (1986) (4a)
GROWTH RATE 3 (19)
% URBAN 56 (1989) (10)
% UNDER 5 5.5 (1989) (10)

LOGISTICS

OFFICIAL WORK WEEK

Saturday - Wednesday, Thursday

BUSINESS HOURS

Sat. - Weds. 0730 - 1500 (9)
Thurs. 0730 - 1400
1/2 hr. break - prayers

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

11 Feb. National Day
12 Feb. Leilat-al-Meiraj
20 Mar. Oil Nationalization Day
21-24 Mar. Iranian New Year
1 Apr. Islamic Republic Day
2 Apr. Revolution Day
16 Apr. Id-al-Fitr*
9 June Birthday of 12th Imam
23 June Id-al-Adha*
14 July Martyrdom of Imam Ali (1991) (4b)
22 July Ashoura*
21 Sept. Mouloud - Birthday of Prophet*

* indicates moveable holiday

TRAVEL FORMALITIES

VISA

Information not available

VACCINATION

Yellow Fever if coming from infected area (15)

PRACTICAL INFORMATION

LANGUAGES

Principal Farsi (Persian) 50%, Turkic 27%, Kurdish
Foreign English (2), (4)

UNIT OF MEASUREMENT

metric, traditional (4)

CURRENCY

Rial US $ 1 = 72.12 rials (9/89) (4b)

SOCIOECONOMIC INFORMATION

GNP/CAPITA US$ 3,530 (1988) (10)

RELIGIONS (%)

Shi'a Muslim (official) (4)
Sunni Muslim

DEVELOPMENT AID (% of GNP)

3 (1988) (10)

ETHNIC GROUPS (%)

Aryan, Iranian, Persian - 66 (3)
Gilanis, Mazandarinis, Kurds

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

TIME (GMT)

AREA (sq.km.) 1,648,000 (4)

CLIMATE

Period

Temperature

Great Extremes by location

- 27.8°C-55.6°C

North mountain range

temperate

South

hot & humid

Central plateau

dry, variable


(12c)


MAP

HEALTH BASICS

BIRTH RATE* 33 (1989) (10)
DEATH RATE* 7 (1989) (10)
INFANT MORTALITY* 50 (1989) (10)
LIFE EXPECTANCY 67 (1989) (10)
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT (%) 5 (1980 - 89) (10)

* Rate indicates incidence per 1000 population

NUTRITION

STAPLE FOODS

wheat flour (bread) rice

Note - seasonal changes, avoidance of pork, fish eaten only on coast
(7)

ACCOMPANIMENT

chickpeas, split peas, lentils meat
milk, cheese, milk products, yoghurt vegetable oil
(7)

ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATIVES

Staples - oats, barley, wheat, bulgar
Accompaniment - milk powder, sesame oil
(7)

SEVERE MALNUTRITION (%)

43 moderate and severe (1980 - 89) (10)

NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES

rickets (12c)
riboflavin deficiencies
vitamin A deficiencies

PERSONNEL and FACILITIES

POP./PHYSICIAN 2,690
N° HEALTH CENTERS 138
POP./NURSE 1,050 (19)
N° HOSPITALS 585 (12c), (16c)
COLD CHAIN

NATIONAL DRUG IMPORTERS

National - Razi Vaccine Production Institute (12c), (18)
50% of drugs produced locally.
Drugs grouped in 4 broad categories.

DISEASE and CONTROL

MAJOR DISEASES

Diarrheal diseases
Viral hepatitis
Respiratory diseases
Malaria
Infectious & parasitic diseases
(12c)

IMMUNIZATION/CONTROL PROGRAM

Tuberculosis
DPT
Polio
Measles
(12c), (13), (17)

MINISTRY OF HEALTH ORGANIZATION

DIVISION/PROGRAM AREAS

Public Health

Communicable Disease Control - Malaria; Noncommunicable disease control;
Family health; Respiratory disease; Environmental sanitation; Public Health Education

Curative Services

Drug & Food Laboratory Service

Education & Research

Planning, Programmes & Parliamentary Affairs

Health In Provinces

Manpower, Recruitment & Distribution

Finance & Administration

(12c)

REFERRAL SYSTEM

Rural - Health House (12c)
Urban and Rural - Health Centre
District - Health Centre & district hospital
Province - provincial hospital, Planning and Supervisory Health Centre

MAJOR DISASTERS SINCE 1900

DISASTER TYPES

NUMBER

PERCENT

Earthquakes

44

63,8

Floods

12

17,4

Accidents

4

5,8

Storms

3

4,3

Epidemics

2

2,9

Drought

1

1,4

Fire

1

1,4

Landslide

1

1,4

Tsunami

1

1,4

Chemical accident



Displaced persons



Total Disasters

69


(1)

NATIONAL RESOURCES

FOCAL OFFICE

Information not available

DISASTER PLAN

Information not available

WARNING SYSTEMS

Information not available

NATIONAL EMERGENCY RESOURCES

House of Health
(51)

PREPAREDNESS STATUS

Information not available

EMERGENCY SUPPLIES LIKELY TO BE REQUESTED

See WHO/UNHCR Emergency Kit

COMMUNICATIONS

Radio - 10 million sets, 3 national stations. TV - 2.1 million sets, 2 channels. (4)
Press - 11 principal dailies.
Railway - 4567 kms single track
Roads - 40,000 kms paved roads.
Inland waterways & lakes.

OTHER RESOURCES

EMERGENCY NGOs

Red Crescent

(12c)

UN AGENCIES

UNDP
UNIC
WFP
UNICEF
WHO
UNHCR
(9)