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close this bookCountry Report Nigeria - ICRC Worldwide Consultation on the Rules of War (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1999, 56 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAbout the People on War project
View the documentCountry context
View the documentCountry methodology
View the documentExecutive summary
close this folderThe war experience
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View the documentRegional conflict
View the documentThe chaos of war
close this folderProtection of civilians
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View the documentLimits and dissonance
View the documentAn array of norms
close this folderBreakdown of limits
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View the documentErosion of restrictions
View the documentRegional tensions
View the documentConfusion and doubt
View the documentCycle of violence leads to dilemma
close this folderCaptured combatants at risk
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View the documentTorture
close this folderGeneva Conventions and limits in war
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View the documentPunishment
close this folderThe role of the ICRC/Red Cross
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View the documentBiggest role
close this folderReconciliation and the future
View the documentReconciliation
View the documentOptimism
View the documentAnnex 1: General methodology
View the documentAnnex 2: Questionnaire*


A large percentage of Nigerians are familiar with the Red Cross, its emblem and its mission. When shown the emblem, 84 per cent of respondents reply that it stands for the Red Cross (2 per cent say the Red Cross and the Red Crescent), while only 8 per cent think it represents hospitals or medical facilities. Ninety-three per cent of south-easterners correctly identify the emblem, with that figure falling to 77 per cent for the rest of the country (12 per cent of those outside the south-east think it represents hospitals and medical facilities, compared with only 2 per cent of south-easterners).

Nigerians give generally accurate responses as to what the emblem protects. A total of 29 per cent mention protecting medical vehicles, facilities and personnel in times of conflict: 13 per cent think it protects medical buildings and vehicles, while 12 per cent think it protects Red Cross personnel and 4 per cent say medical personnel. An even half (50 per cent) believe the emblem protects the wounded or sick. (See Figure 14.)

FIGURE 14 Red cross and protection (per cent of total population responding)

Combatants were twice as likely to accurately assess the function of the red cross emblem; a solid majority, 50 per cent, think the emblem protects medical buildings and vehicles or Red Cross personnel.