|Country Report Bosnia - Herzegovina - ICRC Worldwide Consultation on the Rules of War (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1999, 56 p.)|
|Internationalization of the war|
The ICRC and the Red Cross are known by almost everyone in this war zone: 91 per cent could correctly identify the red cross on a white background. 22 The ICRC/Red Cross is seen as an institution that, in the first instance, protects vulnerable groups, such as women, children, the elderly and sick (43 per cent), but many think it protects all people in trouble (24 per cent). Eighteen per cent associate it with protecting prisoners and the wounded; 11 per cent associate it with protecting hospitals and medical institutions and workers. (See Figure 15.)
22 The number was even higher for the parallel survey, suggesting that recognition was not produced by Red Cross interviewers.
During the war, people think the UN played the biggest role in trying to stop attacks on civilian populations (56 per cent); after the UN, people think other countries played the biggest role (34 per cent). Only 24 per cent mention the ICRC or the Red Cross, which apparently was seen to help people in trouble, rather than to stop these actions. (See Figure 16.)
When asked, Whom would you turn to for help if civilian areas are attacked or towns or villages are cut off from food, water, medical supplies and electricity? the people overwhelmingly respond that they would turn to the ICRC/Red Cross (61 per cent). 23 (See Figure 17.)
23 This result is 20 percentage points higher than for the parallel survey, but even in the parallel survey, there is no other organization that comes close to the Red Cross on this measure.