|Trade Unions in Conflict-Affected Countries: Experiences and Roles in Peace Negotiation, Social Healing, Reconstruction and Development (International Labour Organization, 1997, 30 p.)|
One major feature of the current global environment is the large number of armed conflicts, mostly civil, in the different regions. Their adverse human, social, physical and psychological impacts pose a major challenge to development. The labour-related and other institutions are greatly weakened and the levels of unemployment, poverty and general vulnerability soar. Building sustainable peace, reconstruction and reconciliation are thus of critical importance in the conflict-affected countries and require the involvement of all the relevant actors of civil society.
The ILO has been carrying out a number of activities in recent years to assist the conflict-affected countries. In addition, in the 1996-97 biennium it has been implementing a global Action Programme on Skills and Entrepreneurship Training for Countries Emerging from Armed Conflict with the objective of enhancing national capacity for effective reintegration of conflict-affected groups and for promoting peace and reconstruction. The Programme, whose execution involves several ILO units at headquarters and in the field, has been gathering national-level data and insights to prepare guidelines and training materials to strengthen the attainment of the objective. The subjects covered by the Programme include: workers and employers roles and initiatives in the conflict-affected context; small-scale enterprise promotion and credit schemes; the role of labour administration; employment-intensive public works; vocational training and life and peace skills; macroeconomic changes in the post-conflict context; and conflict-affected women, youth, child soldiers and the disabled.
As an integral part of the Programmes data gathering work, especially in connection with the situation of trade unions and their roles in the post-conflict, this Consultative Meeting was convened by the Bureau for Workers Activities (ACTRAV) on 17 June 1997.