|Resettlement of Displaced Population - 1st Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1995, 60 p.)|
|Part 1: Displacement|
This part of the module is designed to help you understand:
· why displacement and recovery are international concerns
· the need to consider the multiple causes of displacement
· the importance of encouraging national response
· the importance of a collaborative mechanism to guide inter-organizational action
· the needs of displaced persons in the context of their community
· the effects of planning assumptions and labeling in providing aid
People customarily change locations, migrate or resettle for many reasons, choosing to adapt to new circumstances. Most movement occurs for the purpose of seeking alternative or better living or working conditions. Displacement, on the other hand, is the movement or migration of people from their homes in situations of distress or crisis. Displacement is a critical humanitarian issue because of the precipitating causes that force people to leave their homes and the negative consequences that may be suffered during or after movement. The causes and consequences of displacement are critical concerns for the international community for at least three interrelated reasons:
Humanitarian concerns. Displacement is always a distressful situation. Displacement implies the existence of circumstances so difficult that families relinquish their homes and possessions. The consequences of such moves can be very harsh. Wherever people are "displaced", the need for humanitarian aid can usually be assumed.
Human rights and justice. Displacement is often associated with violation of basic human, social and political rights. In principle, respect for basic rights is the foundation for international cooperation and peace. Where displacement is related to violations of rights, or people without the protection of any state, the need for collective action on behalf of victims is widely recognized.
Promotion of peace. Guided by the United Nations, the international community focuses on situations where displacement poses a threat to peace or when resolution of displacement situations hinges on resolution of war or conflict.