|Resettlement of Displaced Population - 1st Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1995, 60 p.)|
|Part 2: Resettlement: ''settledness''|
In this part of the module you mill become familiar with:
· the concept of resettlement
· recovery as a social process
· the goals of successful resettlement
· the need for appropriate resettlement assistance
REHABILITATION RECONSTRUCTION RECOVERY RESETTLEMENT
The direct opposite of being "displaced" is being "settled." A sense of permanence generally underlies the concept of settledness, as is reflected in the phrase "durable solutions" commonly used in reference to settlement options for refugees. Sometimes terms such as rehabilitation, reconstruction, recovery, or resettlement are used interchangeably. Whatever term used, the major objective is to ensure the long-term well-being of people previously forced to leave their homes as a result of some distress or crisis.
All people who are displaced struggle from the moment of displacement to survive and again be "settled". Many displaced persons on their own volition and with support from their social networks are able to re-establish their lives with little direct governmental or international assistance. The situation of some families even improves as a consequence of displacement and difficult times. Persons may, for example, find new jobs, acquire new skills and establish even more satisfactory living arrangements than they had before. Many repatriates to Cambodia and Ethiopia returned with skills learned while in refuge.