|Disaster Rescue - Australian Emergency Manual (Natural Disaster Organization, 183 p.)|
|CHAPTER ONE - ORGANISATION, PLANNING AND EQUIPMENT|
|The Rescue Plan|
|Rescue By Stages|
1.13 Stage 2 - Rescue of Lightly Trapped
This involves the recovery of those who are lightly trapped and the searching of slightly damaged buildings to ensure that no casualties within them are unattended.
Once casualties have been seen or heard, or their whereabouts definitely ascertained, every endeavour should be made to maintain contact until they are released.
In carrying out this stage, a speedy but careful examination of the damaged structures is needed in order to determine the best and safest approach. Remember there is always a danger of fire from electricity or gas, therefore rescuers must NOT smoke or use naked flames when searching a building.
Normally the search should commence at the lowest portion of the building and be continued upwards until every possible location in which casualties may be trapped has been explored.
As casualties are located, the nature and extent of their injuries will dictate the method and speed of removal.
Buildings which have been thoroughly searched should be so marked and the following standard markings be used.
'SEARCHED' should be clearly written in capital letters near the entrances, indicating that the building has been searched and cleared of casualties. The name of the service responsible should also be clearly marked.
Where searchers find dangerous conditions eg, leaning walls, damaged staircases, escaping gas etc, they should mark DANGER after the 'searched' marking.
Buildings in which danger exists should be marked in a prominent position on all sides where entry is likely to be made. In addition to the marks, an improvised barricade with the word 'DANGER' written on it will assist in warning anyone who has occasion to enter the building.
If debris is present in sufficient quantity to hide casualties, only mark those parts of the building which have been thoroughly searched.