7.6. Preparedness for disease outbreaks
Epidemic preparedness (mainly in the Red Zone) focusing on
emergency control and prevention mechanisms/or communicable diseases and
sentinel surveillance systems is recommended. As mentioned earlier, the
breakdowns in surveillance systems and vaccination programmes is likely to have
significantly increased the size of population susceptible to infectious
disease. Diarrhoeal disease (including cholera) and malaria, both presenting
resistant strains, are a constant threat for the country and the region.
Preparedness for rarer diseases, such as typhus and other fevers should also be
foreseen. The current situation is potentially explosive, for the country as
well as for the region, should an important infectious agent manifest itself.
The issue should also be examined from a regional perspective in collaboration
with specialised agencies and the WHO31.
31A joint mission with OFDA could be
planned within the Trans Atlantic