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close this bookRwanda - Health Sector Needs and Recommendations for the Transition Phase (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 1998, 39 p.)
close this folder2. Rwanda: the larger picture
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1. War and insecurity
View the document2.2. Mass displacements in the region
View the document2.3. Food and malnutrition
View the document2.4. Poor human resource base
View the document2.5. Groups with special needs
View the document2.6. Emerging and re-emerging diseases
View the document2.7. Ownership of land and homes

2.2. Mass displacements in the region

Even if the situation in Rwanda is contained, the threat of an explosive crisis in neighbouring Burundi is increasingly real. With continued hostility between Tanzania and Burundi and the insurgency in the north-west of Burundi (Cibitoke, Bubanza, Bujumbura and Burari regions), any conflict in Burundi would push the victims into Rwanda, placing an additional burden on its already fragile structures. Recently, in November 1997, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported fighting in the bordering Burundian province of Cibitoke which has provoked a new exodus of refugees and displaced persons into Rwanda. The security situation in Burundi is not improving, indicating that outflows such as the one reported above are likely to multiply in the recent future.

Further, following the victory of Kabila over Mobutu, the situation in the Congo and in particular in the Kivu is far from clear. The original conflict has not been solved but has, in fact, become even more complex. Overall, the situation in the Great Lakes region is far from calm and me three regions (Rwanda, Burundi and the Kivu region) have their own internal conflicts that are mutually related. Intensified conflict in this region could also result in mass displacements of refugees into Rwanda, causing pressure and burdening its infrastructure and social welfare systems.