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close this bookBanning Anti-Personnel Mines - The Ottawa Treaty Explained (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1998, 24 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
close this folder1. The landmine problem and progress towards a ban treaty
View the document1.1 The need for a ban treaty
View the document1.2 The existing law
View the document1.3 The Ottawa process
close this folder2. The Ottawa treaty
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View the document2.1 What is an anti-personnel mine?
close this folder2.2 The elements of a comprehensive ban treaty
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View the document2.2.1 An end to use
View the document2.2.2 A prohibition on development and production
View the document2.2.3 A prohibition on stockpiling
View the document2.2.4 A prohibition on transfer
View the document2.2.5 Other prohibited activities
close this folder2.3 Addressing the problem: mine clearance and assistance to victims
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.3.1 Clearing mined areas
View the document2.3.2 Assisting the victims
View the document2.4 Entry into force
close this folder2.5 Ensuring compliance with the treaty
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View the document2.5.1 Reporting on implementation
View the document2.5.2 Settling disputes
View the document2.5.3 Resolving doubts about compliance
View the document2.5.4 National efforts to prevent violations
View the document2.5.5 Reviewing implementation of the treaty
View the document2.5.6 Strengthening and updating the treaty
View the document2.6 Reservations
View the document2.7 Withdrawal
View the document3. Beyond the Ottawa treaty
View the documentAnnex I: Glossary of legal and technical terms
View the documentAnnex II: Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction
View the documentAnnex III: List of Signatories as at 1 March 1999*

2.2.1 An end to use

Each country adhering to the Ottawa treaty obliges itself “never, under any circumstances” (emphasis added) to use anti-personnel landmines. This includes all situations of armed conflict - whether between countries (international armed conflict) or a civil conflict (internal armed conflict) - as well as troubles of a lesser intensity commonly referred to as internal unrest or civil disturbances. All offensive and defensive usage is prohibited. Moreover, any resort to the weapon during peacetime is also proscribed. A country cannot deploy anti-personnel mines to fortify its borders as a means of preventing unwanted persons from entering its territory or to protect important military or other installations. In ratifying the Ottawa treaty, a country accepts that mines are no longer a legitimate weapon to be used either in peacetime or in time of war. There are no exceptions to this rule.